Overview

Comprehensive Description

Summary

"Graphium doson, also called the Comom Jay, is a common attractive green and black butterfly with a glass-like appearance that can be seen rapidly flying along paths and streams on the edge of forests, or puddling, sometimes in large numbers."
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Physical Description

Morphology

The fore wings are black. At the outer edge and at the inner edge there is a chain of little greenish spots. In the middle of the wing there is a chain of large greenish spots. The underside colour is brown and all spots are pale. The hind wings of Graphium doson are black. The edge is wavy. At the outer edge there is a chain of little greenish spots. Next to the body there is a large greenish area which contains only one black strip.There are some additional red spots on the undersides. The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax and the head are also black.
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Size

Wingspan 50-70 mm.
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Diagnostic Description

SubSpecies Varieties Races

"Graphium doson axion Felder & Felder, 1864 – Himalayan Common Jay"
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

"Common in thick, riparian, moist, deciduous, semi-evergreen and evergreen forests."
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Graphium doson

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

Least Concern
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Wikipedia

Graphium doson

The Common Jay (Graphium doson) is a black, tropical papilionid butterfly with pale blue semi-transparent central wing bands that are formed by large spots. There is a marginal series of smaller spots. The underside of wings is brown with markings similar to upperside but whitish in color. The sexes look alike.

Range[edit]

It is widespread and common throughout Southeast Asia, including lower elevations in Sri Lanka and Southern India, Eastern Ghats, Satpuras, Bengal Assam and Bangladesh, and the Himalayan foothills. The species is however scarce in southern Honshū, Japan.

Habitat[edit]

Common in thick, riparian, moist, deciduous, semi-evergreen and evergreen forests.

Behaviour[edit]

The Common Jay is active throughout the day and constantly on the move; it rarely settles down. Its flight is swift and straight.When feeding from flowers, it never settles down, and keeps its wings vibrating. The males are seen mud-puddling, often in tight groups.

Subspecies[edit]

  • G. d. doson
  • G. d. robinson

Life cycle[edit]

Eggs[edit]

The spherical and pale yellow eggs are laid singly on the underside of leaves.

Larva[edit]

The caterpillar is somewhat spindle-shaped. The grown caterpillars have two forms, dark brown or grassy green. There are spines on the 4th segment which are short, conicle and blue-centered surrounded by lemmon yellow and then black rings. The osmeterium is pale bluish green. It is extruded only reluctantly.

Pupa[edit]

The pupa is pale green with a dark purplish median line from the head to the thoracic horn and a yellow line from the tip of the horn to the cremaster.

Images of life cycle[edit]

Foodplants[edit]

The caterpillars feed on plants of the families Annonaceae, Lauraceae, Magnoliaceae such as Annona lawii, Cinnamomum macrocarpum, Magnolia grandiflora, Michelia champaca, Milliusa tomentosum and Polyalthia longifolia.

References[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

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