Overview

Brief Summary

Introduction

The life stages of Z. rumina are discussed by Nardelli (1993; European Z. rumina) as well as Tarrier et al. (1994) and Binagot and Lartigue (1998) (African subspecies africana and tarrieri). Genitalia have been illustrated by Higgins (1975). For the classification of Spanish populations, see Sabariego and Martinez (1991). An extremely rare form, f. honnorati (Type locality: Digne, France) (reconstructed above), although often considered extinct since a hundred years ago, is still protected by law in France (Collins and Morris, 1985; Bernardi, 1991). The last official observation was 1991.

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Comprehensive Description

Larval Food Plant

The larvae feed on Aristolochia pallida, A. baetica, A. longa, A. fontanesi, A. rotunda, and A. pistolochia (Bryk, 1934; Ackery, 1975; Acquier, 1981; Olivares Villegas et al., 1991; Tennent, 1996; Binagot and Lartigue 1998). A. clematitis, recorded by Bryk (1934) as a larval food plant for Zerynthia rumina, is very toxic and larvae die quickly upon feeding on it (Carbonell, personal observation).

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Geographical Variation

The nominal subspecies, Z. rumina rumina (Type locality: S. Europe)(= Z. r. lusitanica Bryk, 1932; Type localty: Portugal) is distributed in southern Spain and Portugal (Higgins and Riley, 1970). In addition to Z. r. medesicaste (Hoffmannsegg, 1803)(= Z. r. australis Esper, 1780; Type locality: ca. Nimes, S. France), other European subspecies are confined to Spain (Sabariego and Martinez, 1991); these include Z. r. castiliana Rühl, 1892 (Type locality: Castilia: S. Ildelfonso, Albarracin, Spain), Z. r. petheri Romei, 1927 (Type locality: Sierra Nevada and Malaga, Spain); Z. r. catalonica De Sagarra, 1930 (Type locality: Catalonia, Spain), Z. r. cantabricae Gomez-Bustillo, 1971 (Type locality: Puerto de Pozazal, Spain), Z. r. isabelae Sabariego and Huertas, 1976 (Type locality: Huelva prov., Spain), and Z. r. transcastiliana Sabariego, 1977 (Type locality: Spain). Most of these subspecies, however, are morphologically very similar and demonstrate great local variation, and of these maybe only 3 or 4 can be considered valid subspecies (Carbonell, unpublished). The majority of the African populations belong to Z. r. africana (Stichel, 1907) (Type locality: Algeria, Morocco) (= Z. r. mauretanica Schultz, 1908; Type locality: north Africa) (Tennent, 1996), although the (morphologically very similar) populations from Anti-Atlas Mountains in north Africa have been described as Z. r. tarrieri Binagot and Lartigue, 1998 (Type locality: Morocco) (Binagot and Lartigue, 1998).

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Distribution

Geographical Distribution

Z. rumina is distributed from southeast France (Italy border) to Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia (Higgins and Riley, 1970).

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Zerynthia rumina

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 5 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

TGAGCAGGAATAGTTGGAACTTCTCTT---AGCTTATTAATTCGAACTGAATTAGGAACTCCTGGTTCTTTAATTGGAGAT---GATCAAATTTATAATACTATTGTAACAGCCCATGCTTTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATACCTATTATAATTGGAGGTTTTGGTAATTGATTAATTCCCCTAATA---TTAGGAGCTCCTGATATAGCTTTCCCCCGAATAAATAATATAAGATTTTGACTTTTACCACCCTCCTTAACTTTATTAATTTCTAGAAGAATTGTAGAAAATGGTGCAGGTACAGGATGAACTGTCTATCCCCCTCTTTCCTCTAATATTGCCCATAGAGGTAGATCTGTTGATTTA---GCTATTTTTTCCCTTCATTTAGCAGGTATTTCATCTATTCTAGGAGCTATTAATTTTATTACAACAATTATTAATATACGAATTAACAATATGTCATTTGATCAAATACCTTTATTTGTTTGAGCTGTTGGTATTACTGCCCTCTTATTATTACTATCTCTACCTGTATTAGCTGGA---GCTATTACAATATTATTAACAGATCGAAATTTAAATACTTCTTTTTTTGATCCAGCTGGAGGAGGTGATCCTATCTTATATCAACATTTATTTTGATTTTTTGGTCATCCTGAAGTTTATATTTTAATTTTACCAGGATTTGGAATAATTTCTCATATTATTTGTCAAGAAAGAGGAAAAAAA---GAAACATTTGGATCTTTAGGTATAATTTATGCTATAATAGCAATTGGTTTATTAGGATTTATTGTATGAGCACATCATATATTTACTGTTGGAATAGATATTGATACTCGAGCATATTTCACTTCAGCTACAATAATTATTGCAGTTCCAACTGGAATTAAAATTTTTAGATGATTA---GCTACCCTCCATGGATCT---CAAATTAATTATAGTCCCTCTATTTTATGAAGATTAGGATTTGTATTTCTATTTACAGTTGGAGGATTAACTGGAGTTATTTTAGCTAATTCATCTATTGATGTAACTCTTCATGATACCTATTATGTTGTAGCTCATTTTCATTATGTA---TTATCTATAGGAGCTGTATTTGCCATTATAGCAGGATTTATTCACTGATATCCATTATTTACTGGATTATCTTTAAATTCTTATCTATTAAAAATTCAATTTATCTCTATATTTATTGGAGTAAATCTAACCTTTTTTCCCCAACATTTTTTAGGATTAGCTGGAATACCTCGA---CGATATTCTGACTATCCTGATAGATTTTCT---TCGTGAAATATTATCTCCTCATTTGGTTCTTACATTTCTTTATTATCAATCATAATAATAATAATTATTATTTGAGAATCAATATTTAATCAACGAATTATT---TTATTCTCCTTAAATATACCAACATCT
-- end --

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Zerynthia rumina

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 31
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Zerynthia rumina

The Spanish Festoon, Zerynthia rumina, is a butterfly belonging to the family Papilionidae. It is a widespread species in Spain and frequents most habitats.

Distribution[edit]

North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula and southern France.

Description[edit]

Zerynthia rumina is an extremely striking species. In South east France it can be confused with the "southern festoon", Zerynthia polyxena. The two can be told apart by the presence of blue on the hindwing of the Southern festoon Z. polyxena. The Spanish festoon (Z. rumina) also has extensive red on the forewings.

Eggs
Caterpillar

Flight Period[edit]

Generally April and May with the possibility of a very small second brood in September.

Roger Verity Collection in La Specola form names of Zerynthia

.

Synonymy[edit]

This species represents an extreme example of oversplitting.

rumina Linnaeus (andalusica Ribbe 1910) (South Spain: Andalusia, South Huelva, Cadiz, Gibraltar, Malaga, Seville)

forms

tristis Verity

semitristis de Sagorra, 1930

xanthe Schultz, 1908 (mackeri Holland, 1910)

rubistriga Bryk

honorathii Boisduval, 1832

ochracea Staudinger, 1861

medicaste Illiger,

andalusica Ribbe, 1910

paucipunctata Neuburger

minusculus Eisner

ornatior Blachier, 1905

lusitanica Bryk, 1932 (Portugal:Lissabon, Algarve, Cintra, Belem, Oporto, Leca)

semitristis de Sagarra, 1930

paucipunctata Neuburger

ornatissima Blachier, 1908

nigricans Eisner

minusculus Eisner

aperta Eisner

divisa Schultz, 1908

canteneri Staudinger, 1861

ornatior Blachier, 1905 ( mauretanica Schultz, 1908, africana Stichel, 1907), (N Africa: Algeria, Morocco: "Tangier")

The name ornatior is not the correct one for the N African representative. canteneri (Heydenrich i.l.) Staudinger, 1861 (= canteneri Heyd. 1851, was originally applied to African populations and is the valid name, cf Felder and Felder (1864), Rothschild (1917), canteneri is generally considered a European form but the type locality was fixed 'Algeria' by the Felder brothers (l.c.) whereas Staudinger (1861) only, and apparently erroneously, referred the name to the Iberian form ochracea. Manley and Allcard (1970) following Bryk (1934) referred to canteneri Staudinger as an orange aberration of both sexes which is frequent in Morocco but occasionally appears in warmer parts of South Spain.

forms

irregularis Holland, 1912

distorta Rothschild, 1918

ornatissima Blachier, 1908

nebulosa Holland, 1912

xanthe Schultze, 1908

honorathii Boisduval, 1832

poujadei Thierry-Meg, 1910

canteneri Staudinger, 1861

nigricans Holland, 1912

minusculus Eisner

posteriorrubromarginalis Eisner

paucipunctata Neuburger

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