This information is based an ongoing project dedicated to the inventory and dissemination of information on lepidopteran larvae, their host plants, and their parasitoids in a Costa Rican tropical wet forest and an Ecuadorian montane cloud forest.
N=1 rearing as of 2012, eclosed.
Collected in Heredia Province, Costa Rica.
Aristolochiaceae: Aristolochia sp.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Parides iphidamas
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Parides iphidamas
Public Records: 25
Specimens with Barcodes: 69
Species With Barcodes: 1
- Parides iphidamas iphidamas (Fabricius, 1793) (southern Mexico to Panama)
- Parides iphidamas ayabacensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1918) (southern Ecuador to northern Peru)
- Parides iphidamas calogyna (Rothchild & Jordan, 1906) (western Ecuador)
- Parides iphidamas elatos (Rothchild & Jordan, 1906) (northwestern Colombia)
- Parides iphidamas gorgonae Vélez & Salazar, 1991 (Colombia)
- Parides iphidamas phalias (Rothchild & Jordan, 1906) (central Colombia)
- Parides iphidamas teneates (Rothchild & Jordan, 1906) (northeastern Colombia to northwestern Venezuela)
Parides iphidamas has a wingspan reaching about 10 centimetres (3.9 in). The dorsal sides of the forewings are black, with a broad green and white spots (completely white in females), while the dorsal sides of the hindwings show a broad red band or spot. Along the edges there are many yellow small spots. The undersides of the wings are black with a white band on the forewings and several pink patches on the hindwings. The body of the butterfly is black with red dots. The poisonous caterpillars are chocolate-brown, with white or brown protrusions resembling thorns. The host plants are various toxic Aristolochia species (Aristolochia cordiflora, A. maxima, A. odoratissma, A. pilosa, A. ringens, and A. tonduzii).
It is common in various habitats, ranging fron open lowlands to wooded areas and tropical forests, from sea level to 1,200 meters (3,900 ft). Females mainly occur where the caterpillar host plant are located, in forest clearing and along forest edges.
- Warren, A. D.; et al (2010). "Parides iphidamas". Butterflies of America. Retrieved 22 January 2011.
- Glassberg, Jeffrey (2007). A Swift Guide to the Butterflies of Mexico and Central America. Sunstreak Books Inc. ISBN 978-1-4243-0915-3.
- Savela, Markku. "Parides iphidamas". funet.fi. Retrieved 22 January 2011.
- Lewis, H. L., 1974 Butterflies of the World ISBN 0-245-52097-X Page 26, figure 11 (male) figure 12 (female, underside)
- Brian McAndrew, Butterflies – James Lorimer & Co. Ltd Publishers
- Collins, N. Mark; Collins, Michael G. (1985). Threatened Swallowtails of the World: The IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN Protected Area Programme Series. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K.: IUCN. p. 69. ISBN 978-2-88032-603-6.
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- Lamas, Gerardo (2004). Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part4A Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea. Gainesville, Florida: Scientific Publishers, Inc. p. 93. ISBN 0-945417-28-4.
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