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Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Type Information

Isotype for Geranium toquimense N.H. Holmgren & A.H. Holmgren
Catalog Number: US 2734202
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal
Year Collected: 1964
Locality: Toquima range, Pine Creek Drainage., Nye, Nevada, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Holmgren, N. H. & Holmgren, A. H. 1974. Brittonia. 26: 311.
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Isolectotype for Geranium caespitosum E. James
Catalog Number: US 486116
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Sex/Stage: ; Flowering
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): W. F. Marshall
Year Collected: 1899
Locality: Rist Canon., Colorado, United States, North America
  • Isolectotype: Rydberg, P. A. 1906. Fl. Colorado. 218.; Aedo, C. 2001. Anales Jard. Bot Madrid. 59: 35.
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Holotype for Geranium eremophilum Wooton & Standl.
Catalog Number: US 233003
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): E. A. Mearns
Year Collected: 1893
Locality: San Luis Mts., New Mexico, United States, North America
Elevation (m): 1829 to 1829
  • Holotype: Wooton, E. O. & Standley, P. C. 1913. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 16: 142.
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Isotype for Geranium atropurpureum A. Heller
Catalog Number: US 306502
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Status verified by specimen annotations only
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. A. Heller & E. G. Heller
Year Collected: 1897
Locality: Along Santa Fe Creek, 4 mi. E of Santa Fe, Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States, North America
Elevation (m): 2286 to 2286
  • Isotype: Heller, A. A. 1898. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 25: 195.
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Isotype for Geranium atropurpureum A. Heller
Catalog Number: US 956414
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Status verified by specimen annotations only
Sex/Stage: ; Flowering
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. A. Heller & E. G. Heller
Year Collected: 1897
Locality: Sante Fe, along Sante Fe Creek., Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States, North America
Elevation (m): 2286 to 2286
  • Isotype: Heller, A. A. 1898. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 25: 195.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: TNR - Not Yet Ranked

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: TNR - Not Yet Ranked

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T4 - Apparently Secure

Reasons: The range of Geranium caespitosum var. eremophilum is considered to be New Mexico (shaded slopes) and Arizona, from about 4500-9500 feet (Martin and Hutchins 1980; Kearney and Peebles 1951; Kartesz 1999).

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: TNR - Not Yet Ranked

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T3 - Vulnerable

Reasons: Southeastern Wyoming (at least 7 locations) in high plains. Also reported from Colorado.

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T4 - Apparently Secure

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N4 - Apparently Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

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Threats

Comments: Seed for sale on the web by a company that sells wild-collected (and cultivated) seed for the alpine plant trade.

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Wikipedia

Geranium caespitosum

Geranium caespitosum (purple cluster geranium, pineywoods geranium) is a perennial herb native to the western United States and northern Mexico. Its US distribution includes Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah, and Wyoming.[4]

It has a purple to red flower with 5 stamens, and the sepals are acuminate, tapering with a long point. It has palmately lobed leaves. The fruit is a schizocarp made up of 5 mericarps. It grows in damp soils, as in the understory of coniferous forests and in canyons.

Contents

Uses[edit]

The Gosiute use the plant as an astringent and a decoction of the root to treat diarrhea. The Keres use roots crushed into a paste to treat sores, and the whole plant as turkey food.[5]

Varieties[edit]

The four varieties may known by the following common names:

  • G. c. var. caespitosumpineywoods geranium
  • G. c. var. eremophilumpurple cluster geranium
  • G. c. var. fremontiiFremont's geranium
  • G. c. var. parryiParry's geranium

In the United States, all four varieties are found in Arizona and New Mexico, and the purple cluster geranium is only found there. The other varieties are all found in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming, and the pineywoods variety extends into Nevada and Texas.[4]

Image Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ In: Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains. Philadelphia: H.C. Carey and I. Lea 2: 3. 1823. "Plant Name Details for Geranium caespitosum". IPNI. Retrieved July 5, 2010. "[Notes on the type specimen:] Mora River, San Miguel County (New Mexico, South-Central U.S.A, Northern America)" 
  2. ^ Global Biodiversity
  3. ^ Catalogue of Life
  4. ^ a b Geranium caespitosum. PLANTS Profile. USDA. Accessed 23 June 2013.
  5. ^ Geranium caespitosum. Native American Ethnobotany. University of Michigan - Dearborn. Accessed 23 June 2013.
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Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Comments: Application of this name is inconsistent in current treatments (Welsh, Flora of Utah); some but not all plants often called Geranium caespitosum go here. Nevertheless, as treated by Kartesz, widespread.

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