The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (December, 2007) http://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Kingdon, J. (1997) The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press Limited, London.
  • 3. Stuart, C. and Stuart, T. (1997) Field Guide to the Larger Mammals of Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.
  • 4. Kingdon, J. (1989) East African Mammals: An Atlas of Evolution in Africa. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • 5. World Database on Protected Areas (December, 2007) External link.
  • Arctander, P., P. W. Kat, A. R. Aman and H. R. Siegismund. 1996. Extreme genetic differences among populations of Grant’s gazelle Gazelle granti in Kenya. Heredity 76:465–475.
  • Bergin, P. 2006. "African Wildlife Foundation" (On-line). Accessed March 22, 2006 at
  • Bergstrom, R. 1992. Browse Characteristics and Impact of Browsing on Trees and Shrubs in African Savannas. Journal of Vegetation Science, 3: 315-324.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • East, R. 1999. IUCN African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Estes, J. 1991. The Behaviour Guide to African Mammals. University of California Press, Oxford.
  • Estes, R. 1967. The Comparative Behavior of Grant's and Thomson's Gazelles. Journal of Mammalogy, 48: 189-209.
  • Estes, R. 1991. The Behavior Guide to African Mammals. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press.
  • Ezenwa, V. 2004. Selective Defecation and Selective Foraging: Antiparasite Behavior in Wild Ungulates?. Ethology, 110: 851-862.
  • Garland, T., F. Geiser, and R. V. Baudinette. 1988. Comparative Locomotor Performance of Marsupial and Placental Mammals. Journal of Zoology 215:505-522.
  • Hart, B., L. Hart, J. Maina. 1989. Chemosensory investigation, flehmen behaviour and vomeronasal organ function in antelope. The Zoological Society of London, 61: 197-215.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Jones, M. L. 1993. Longevity of ungulates in captivity. International Zoo Yearbook 32:159-169.
  • Keesing, F. 1998. Impacts of ungulates on the demography and diversity of small mammals in central Kenya. Oecologia, 116: 381-389.
  • Kingdon, J. 1982. East African Mammals. United States fo America: University of Chicago Press edition 1989.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Skirka, P., W. Swank, A. Dyer. 1971. African Antelope. New York: Winchester Press.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Spinage, C. A. 1986. The Natural History of Antelpoes. Croom Helm, London, UK.
  • Spinage, C., C. Ryan, M. Shedd. 1980. Food selection by the Grant's Gazelle. African Journal of Ecology, 18: 19-25.
  • Stelfox, J., R. Hudson. 1986. Body condition of male Thomson's and Grant's gazelles in relation to season and resource use. African Journal of Ecology, 24: 111-120.
  • Vaughan, T., J. Ryan, N. Czaplewski. 2000. Mammalogy. United States fo America: Brooks/Cole Thomson's Learning.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wikipedia, 2006. "Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia" (On-line). Accessed March 12, 2006 at's_Gazelle.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World


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