The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (February, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10. Animal Info – Information on Endangered Mammals (November, 2005) External link.
  • 11. UNEP-WCMC Species Sheet (November, 2005) External link.
  • 12. Holden, J., Yanuar, A. and Martyr, D.J. (2003) The Asian Tapir in Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatra: evidence collected through photo-trapping. Oryx, 37 (1): 34 - 40.
  • 13. Novarino, W., Kamilah, S.N., Nugroho, A., Janra, M.N., Silmi, M. and Syafri, M. (2005) Habitat Use and Density of the Malayan Tapir (Tapirus indicus) in the Taratak Forest Reserve, Sumatra, Indonesia. Tapir Conservation: The Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Tapir Specialist Group, 14 (18): 28 - 30.
  • 14. The Tapir Specialist Group (February, 2008) External link.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Momin Khan, M.K.B. (1997) Status and Action Plan of the Malayan Tapir (Tapirus indicus). In: Brooks, D.M., Bodmer, R.E. and Matola, S. Eds. Tapirs - Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Tapir Specialist Group, Cambridge. Available at External link.
  • 2001. website, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program-05/01
  • 3. CITES (November, 2005) http://www.cites.org External link.
  • 4. Burnie, D. (2001) Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • 5. Animal Diversity Web (November, 2005) External link.
  • 6. Salas, L. (2006) Pers. Comm.
  • 7. Macdonald, D. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 8. Ultimate Ungulate (November, 2005) External link.
  • 9. Morris, D. (2005) Face to face with big nose. BBC Wildlife Magazine, 23 (3): 34 - 39. Available at External link.
  • Burton, J. A., and B. Pearson. 1987. Rare Mammals of the World, WIlliam Collins Sons & Co. ltd.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Emanoil, M. 1994. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • Grizemek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. McGraw-Hill Publishing Co.
  • Groves, Colin, and Peter Grubb. 2011. Ungulate Taxonomy. ix + 317
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Khan, M. 1997. Status and Action Plan of the Malayan D. M. Brooks, R. E. Bodmer, and S. Matola, editors. Tapirs. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Nowak, R.M. Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th Edition. Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Terwilliger, V. J. 1978. Natural History of Baird's Tapir on Barro Colorado Island, Panama Canal Zone. Biotropica 10:211-220.
  • Williams, K. D. 1978. Aspects of the Ecology and Behavior of the Malayan Tapir (Tapirus indicus desmarest) in the National Park of West Malaysia, Michigan State University.
  • Williams, K. D. 1980. Browse Use, Feeding Behavior, and Management of the Malaysian Tapir. Journal of Wildlife Management 44:489-494.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Yin, U. T. 1967. Wild Animals of Burma, U Khin Pe Gyi, Rangoon.


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