The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1992. In: Madroño 39: 86
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Intermountain Flora 6: 515. 1977. (Intermount. Fl.)
  • Isotype: Watson, S. 1879. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 14: 232.
  • Madroño 39(2): 86. 1992. (Madroño)
  • McNeal, D. W. 1992. A reappraisal of Allium cristatum (Alliaceae) and its allies. Madroño 39(2): 83–89.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Munz, P. A. 1974. Fl. S. Calif. 1–1086. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Research Studies of the State College of Washington 15(4): 228. 1947[1949]. (Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash.)


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