- Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=1
- L. B. Holthuis & E. Gottlies(1958) An annotated list of Decapod Crustacea of the Mediterranean Coast of Israel, with an appendix listing the Decapoda of the Eastern Mediterranean. Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel. Haifa, Israel. 1-126pp. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=42367
- Holthuis, L.B. 1991. FAO species catalogue. Vol 13. Marine lobsters of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries known to date. FAO fisheries Synopsis. 125 (13):292 p. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=42354
- d'Udekem d'Acoz, C. (1999). Inventaire et distribution des crustacés décapodes de l'Atlantique nord-oriental, de la Méditerranée et des eaux continentales adjacentes au nord de 25°N [Inventory and distribution of the decapod crustaceans from the northeastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and the adjacent continental waters north of 25°N]. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 40. Muséum national d'Histoire Naturelle: Paris, France. ISBN 2-86515-114-10. X, 383 pp. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=1154
- Türkay, M. (2001). Decapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 284-292 http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=1392
- MEDIN (2011). UK checklist of marine species derived from the applications Marine Recorder and UNICORN, version 1.0. http://www.marinespecies.org/asteroidea/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=149081
- Borges, P.A.V., Costa, A., Cunha, R., Gabriel, R., Gonçalves, V., Martins, A.F., Melo, I., Parente, M., Raposeiro, P., Rodrigues, P., Santos, R.S., Silva, L., Vieira, P. & Vieira, V. (Eds.) (2010). A list of the terrestrial and marine biota from the Azores. Princípia, Oeiras, 432 pp. http://www.marinespecies.org/ascidiacea/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=149079
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- Muñoz, Isabel; García-Isarch, Eva; Sobrino, Ignacio; Burgos, Candelaria; Funny, Rita; González-Porto, Marcos. (2012). Distribution, abundance and assemblages of decapod crustaceans in waters off Guinea-Bissau (north-west Africa). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 92 issue 3, p. 475-494. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=166087
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Habitat and Ecology
Habitat and Ecology
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Scyllarus arctus
Public Records: 22
Specimens with Barcodes: 22
Species With Barcodes: 1
Barcode data: Scyllarus arctus
There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank. Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species. See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen. Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Download FASTA File
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Scyllarus arctus has a wide distribution. It is harvested throughout its range, and known to be over-exploited locally in some regions. Although there have been these declines, the ecological characteristics of slipper lobsters make them resistant to extinction as they are highly fecund with well connected populations via long-lived larvae. Monitoring of harvest levels should be carried out to check for possible increases in fishing, together with stricter enforcement of current management regimes. This species is listed as Least Concern.
There is no overall population information available for this species. However, this species has experienced a local decline in Cape Creus, Spain, where it was previously caught in small quantities, but now it is considered to be 'very rare' (Linares 2008 in Lloret and Riera 2008). In contrast, it is described as one of the common marine species off the Lebanese coast (Majdalani 2004).
Scyllarus arctus is a species of slipper lobster which lives in the Mediterranean Sea and eastern Atlantic Ocean. It is uncommon in British and Irish waters, but a number of English-language vernacular names have been applied, including small European locust lobster, lesser slipper lobster and broad lobster.
S. arctus is found throughout the Mediterranean Sea, and in eastern parts of the Atlantic Ocean, from the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands as far north as the English Channel. The species is rare north of the Bay of Biscay; several specimens have been seen in British waters, but nonetheless, S. arctus is rarer in Britain than the giant squid, Architeuthis dux. Until 1960, S. arctus was thought to be the only species of Scyllarus in the Mediterranean Sea, but then it was realised that the lesser known Scyllarus pygmaeus is also present throughout much of the Mediterranean Sea.
Scyllarus arctus may reach up to 16 centimetres (6.3 in) long, although sizes of 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) are more typical. It is reddish-brown in colour, with a dark brown spot in the centre of each abdominal somite, although this is not sharply defined. The pereiopods have a dark blue ring around each segment. It can be told apart from its close relative Scyllarus pygmaeus, which lives sympatrically with S. arctus, chiefly by its larger size, but also by other features such as the shape of a tubercle on the last thoracic sternite; this is flattened in S. arctus, but conical in S. pygmaeus. S. arctus has among the smallest measured genome sizes in the Order Decapoda, at less than a third of that seen in the related genus Scyllarides.
S. arctus is susceptible to white spot syndrome, and is predated upon by a wide range of demersal fish. It lives at depths of 4–50 m on muddy or rocky substrates, and in Posidonia meadows. It is the subject of small scale fishery, but its scarcity and its small size make it an unattractive target.
- M. Butler, A. MacDiarmid, R. Wahle, A. Cockcroft & T. Y. Chan (2009). "Scyllarus arctus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 3.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/169949. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
- "Scyllarus arctus – small European locust lobster". SeaLifeBase. November 7, 2008. http://www.sealifebase.org/summary/SpeciesSummary.php?id=26136.
- "Scyllarus arctus (Linnaeus, 1758)". Azorean Biodiversity Portal. Universidade dos Açores. http://www.azoresbioportal.angra.uac.pt/listagens.php?lang=en&sstr=5&dis=azores&fld=CodigoEspecie&id=I00542.
- John Edward Gray (1850). "Part IV. Crustacea". List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum. http://decapoda.nhm.org/pdfs/24179/24179.pdf.
- Lipke Holthuis (1990). "Scyllarus arctus". Marine Lobsters of the World. FAO Fisheries Series. http://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/bis/lobsters.php?selected=beschrijving&menuentry=soorten&id=198.
- Doug Henderson (2001-12-21). "Slipper lobster (Scyllarus arctus)". British Marine Wildlife News. http://www.glaucus.org.uk/Scyllarus_arctus.txt.
- C. Lewinsohn (1974). "The occurrence of Scyllarus pygmaeus (Bate) in the eastern Mediterranean (Deacpoda, Scyllaridae)". Crustaceana 27 (1): 43–46. doi:10.1163/156854074X00217. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/brill/cr/1974/00000027/00000001/art00007.
- A. M. Deiana, A. Cau, E. Coluccia, R. Cannas, A. Milia, S. Salvadori & A. Libertini (1999). "Genome size and AT-DNA content in thirteen species of Decapoda". In F. R. Schram & J. C. von Vaupel Klein. Crustaceans and the Biodiversity Crisis: Proceedings of the Fourth International Crustacean Congress, 1998. Elsevier. pp. 981–985. ISBN 90-04-11387-8. http://flux.ve.ismar.cnr.it/ibm/html//acq/pdf_angelo/libDNAdecapod.pdf.
- V. Corbel, Z. Zuprizal, C. Shi, Huang, Sumartono, J.-M. Arcier & J.-R. Bonami (2001). "Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)". Journal of Fish Diseases 24 (7): 377–382. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2761.2001.00302.x. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118973404/abstract.
- Alberto Serrano, Francisco Velasco, Ignacio Olaso & Francisco Saacutenchez (2003). "Macrobenthic crustaceans in the diet of demersal fish in the Bay of Biscay in relation to abundance in the environment". Sarsia 88 (1): 36–48. doi:10.1080/00364820308469. http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/35861823-31423371/content~db=all~content=a713607401~tab=content.