Overview

Comprehensive Description

Taxonomic History

Anomma molesta Gerstäcker, 1859: 262 (w.) MOZAMBIQUE. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

[Also described as new by Gerstäcker, 1862: 502.].
Menozzi, 1927a PDF: 264 (q.); Boven, 1972: 135 (q.); Wheeler, 1943 PDF: 322 (l.).
Combination in Dorylus (Anomma): Emery, 1895l PDF: 710.
Subspecies of Dorylus burmeisteri: Emery, 1892f PDF: 554.
Currently subspecies of Dorylus nigricans: Emery, 1895l PDF: 710; Stitz, 1911b: 375; Santschi, 1935b: 264.
Senior synonym of Dorylus antinorii: Emery, 1910b PDF: 12.
Material in copal: DuBois, 1998A: 137.
See also: Raignier & Boven, 1955: 103; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1984a PDF: 268.
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Distribution

Reference for Kenya if not type: Kakamega Forest
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Dorylus molestus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

TTTGCTTTATGGTCAGGAATCTTAGGGTCATCAATA---AGAATAATTATCCGTTTAGAATTAGGCACATGCGGAACTATAATTTTTAAT---GATCAAGTTTTTAATGTTATTGTTACTAGACATGCTTTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATACCTTTTATAATTGGAGGTTTTGGTAATTTTATTGCACCTTTAATG---ATTGGAGCCCCAGACATAGCATATCCTCGAATAAATAATATAAGATTTTGACTTCTTCCTCCTTCAATTACTTTAATAATTATGAGAAATTTTATTAATATAGGATCAGGAACTGGTTGAACTGTGTACCCTCCTTTAGCCTCAAATATTTATCATAATGGAACATCAATTGATTTA---ACTATTTTTTCTTTACATATTGCTGGAATATCATCAATTTTAGGAGCCATTAATTTTATTTCAACAATTATCAATATACACCATAAAAATTTAACTATAGATAAAACTCCATTATTTGTTTGATCTATTCTAATTACAGCAATTCTCTTACTTCTTTCATTACCAGTTTTAGCTGGA---GCAATTACTATATTATTAACTGATCGTAATATTAATACATCATTTTTTGATCCATCAGGAGGAGGTGACCCTATTTTATACCAACATTTA------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Dorylus molestus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Wikipedia

Dorylus molestus

Dorylus molestus is a species of African army ant.

Taxonomy[edit]

Older names include Anomma molestus, Dorylus (Anomma) molestus, Dorylus (Anomma) nigricans molestus, Dorylus molestus (Gerstaecker, 1859) and Dorylus nigricans molestus.

Description[edit]

Males or drones of all dorylus species are so called "sausage flies" and are among the largest ant morphs. Some Dorylus molestus queen are the largest known extant ants. Queens typically grow to 5.2 centimetres (2.0 in) but can reach 8 centimetres (3.1 in).

Its size of Molestus queens allows it to hold the world record in egg laying. Workers (sterile females in the presence of the only living queen) range from .3–1.1 centimetres (0.12–0.43 in).

Huge and specialised soldier morphs (permanent sterile females) provide protection during migration raids.

Ecology[edit]

D molestus is an East African surface swarm raider army ant. The species is important to its ecology; it supports myrmycophile fauna, especially east African birds that attend its raids and depend on the ants' presence in their habitat. Its predatory habits contribute to (mainly) arthropod biodiversity. They attack all animals that are unable to flee and smaller animals that react too slowly, including other Dorylus groups. They invade nests of other social species, such as termites.

D molestus builds temporary surface bivouac nests, which are regularly attacked by a smaller subterran army ant of the same genus, Dorylus (Typhlopone) fulvus badius. A colony engages in foraging raids and also in straight migration raids. Colonies that lose their sole queen sometimes fuse with other colonies or produce (haploid) males before dying out.

The species is capable of surviving in environments other than forests, but it is not yet known if they can survive easily without even a small nearby forest.

This ant species inspired early swarm intelligence studies.

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