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Florida torreya (Torreya taxifolia) is an endangered species. This small rare tree is nearly extinct in the wild, threatened by a fungal disease of the stem. Known locally as stinking-cedar because of the pungent odor given off when the leaves are crushed, it was first discovered in 1833 by H. B. Croom near the Aspalaga Crossing on the Apalachicola River. Its rarity limited its use except locally for fenceposts and Christmas trees. The largest living specimen is in North Carolina and measures about 89 cm (35 in) in d.b.h., 14 m (45 ft) in height, with a crown spread of 12 m (40 ft).