The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1327
- Isotype: Fernald, M. L. 1905. Rhodora. 7: 9.
- Scoggan, H. J. 1978. Dicotyledoneae (Saururaceae to Violaceae). 3: 547–1115. In Fl. Canada. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1682
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