Populus trichocarpa Torr. & A.Gray ex Hook. — Overview

Western Balsam Poplar learn more about names for this taxon

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Salicaceae -- Willow family

    Dean S. DeBell

    Black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) is the largest of  the American poplars and the largest hardwood tree in western  North America. Known also as balsam cottonwood, western balsam  poplar, and California poplar, it grows primarily on moist sites  west of the Rocky Mountains. The most productive sites are the  bottom lands of major streams and rivers west of the Cascade  Range in the Pacific Northwest. Pure stands may form on alluvial  soils. Black cottonwood is harvested and used for lumber, veneer,  and fiber products. Many kinds of wildlife use the foliage,  twigs, and buds for food, and the tree is planted for shade and  in windbreaks and shelterbelts.


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

Dean S. DeBell

Source: Silvics of North America


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