The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (October, 2005) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10. Burnie, D. (2001) Animal – The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. Dorling Kindersley Limited, London.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Richardson, M. (2005) Pers. Comm.
  • 3. Macdonald, D. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 4. CITES (October, 2005) http://www.cites.orghttp://www.cites.org External link.
  • 5. Ecology Asia (October, 2005) http://www.ecologyasia.com/index.htmhttp://www.ecologyasia.com/index.htm External link.
  • 6. Canadian Museum of Nature – Nature.Ca (October, 2005) http://www.nature.ca/notebooks/english/gibbon.htmhttp://www.nature.ca/notebooks/english/gibbon.htm External link.
  • 7. Utah's Hogle Zoo (October, 2005) http://hoglezoo.org/index.phphttp://hoglezoo.org/index.php External link.
  • 8. Animal Diversity Web (October, 2005) http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.htmlhttp://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html External link.
  • 9. The Primata (October, 2005) http://www.theprimata.com/factsheets.htmlhttp://www.theprimata.com/factsheets.html External link.
  • Barton, R. 1999. The evolutionary ecology of the primate brain. Pages 167-203 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • C. B. Ruff. 2003. Long bone articular and diaphyseal structure in Old World monkeys and apes. II: Estimation of body mass. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 120(1):16-37
  • Caldecott, J. O. 1980. Habitat quality and populations of two sympatric gibbons (Hylobatidae) on a mountain in Malaya. Folia-Primatologica 33:291-309.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Chivers, D. J. 1984. Feeding and Ranging in Gibbons: A Summary.in H. C. D. J. Preuschoft, W. Y. Brockelman, and N. Creel, editors. The Lesser apes: Evolutionary and behavioural biology. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder (eds.), Mammal Species of the World,Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, 2005.
  • Fischer, J. O., and G. T. 1990. Group harmony in gibbons: comparision between white handed gibbon (Hylobates lar) and siamang (H.syndactylus). Primates 31:481-494.
  • Grant, J. W. A., C. A. Chapman, and K. S. Richardson. 1992. Defended versus undefended home range size of carnivores, ungulates and primates. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 31:149-161.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Kappeler, P. M., and E. W. Heymann. 1996. Nonconvergence in the evolution of primate life history and socio-ecology. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 59:297-326.
  • Kappeler, P. M., and M. E. Pereira. 2003. Primate Life Histories and Socioecology. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, ILlinois, USA.
  • Kenagy, G. J., and S. C. Trombulak. 1986. Size and Function of Mammalian Testes in Relation to Body Size. Journal of Mammalogy 67:1-22.
  • Lee, P. C. 1999. Comparative ecology of postnatal growth and weaning among haplorhine primates. Pages 111-139 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Lee, P. C., P. Majluf, and I. J. Gordon. 1991. Growth, Weaning and Maternal Investment from a Comparative Perspective. Journal of Zoology 225:99-114.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Purvis, A., J. L. Gittleman, G. Cowlishaw, and G. M. Mace. 2000. Predicting extinction risk in declining species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 267:1947-1952.
  • Robbins Leighton, D. 1987. Gibbons: Territoriality and Monogamy. Pages 135-145 in B. B. Smuts, D. L. Cheney, R. M. Seyfarth, R. W. Wrangham, and T. T. Struhsaker, editors. Primate Societies. Chicago University Press, Chicago and London.
  • Rodman, P.S., and Cant, J.G.H. 1984. Adaptations for Foraging in Nonhuman Primates. Columbia University Press, NY.
  • Ross, C. 1988. The Intrinsic Rate of Natural Increase and Reproductive Effort in Primates. Journal of Zoology 214:199-219.
  • Ross, C., and K. E. Jones. 1999. Socioecology and the evolution of primate reproductive rates. Pages 73-110 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Smuts, B. B., D. L. Cheney, R. M. Seyfarth, R. W. Wrangham, and T. T. Struhsaker. 1987. Primate Societies. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Srikosamatara, S. 1984. Ecology of Pileated Gibbons in South-East Thailand. Pages 242-257 in H. Preuschoft, D. J. Chivers, W. Y. Brockelman, and N. Creel, editors. The Lesser Apes. Evolutionary and behavioural biology. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Tuttle, R. H. 1986. Apes of the World. Noyes Publications, New Jersey.
  • University of Washington Press, Washington D.C.
  • WANG Sung WANG JiaJun and LUO YiNin, MAMMALIAN NAMES(LATIN, CHINESE AND ENGLISH),Beijing:Science Press, 1994.
  • WANG Sung, CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES - MAMMALIA,CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES - MAMMALIA, 1998.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Wolfheim, J.H. 1983. Primates of the World: Distribution, Abundance, and Conservation.
  • 汪松, 不详, 1998.
  • 汪松, 中国濒危动物红皮书·兽类,北京:科学出版社, 1998: 1-417.

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