Overview

Distribution

Range Description

The species is endemic to Crete and its satellite islands. On the island of Crete it is present only on the western part, mostly to the west of a north-south axis ‘cutting’ Crete at the town of Rethymno. In this area it is found from sea level to 2,000m asl. The satellite islets are: Elaphonisos, Artemis, Gaidouronisi (=Chryssi), Mikronisi (immediately east of Gaidouronisi), Kavalloi, Elasa, Paximada, Dragonada, Prassonisi (immediately north of Dragonada) Avgo, Dia, Karga, Ag. Nikolaos (in the gulf of Souda) and Ag. Theodoroi (=Thodorou)(Lymberakis et al. 2008). Its altitudinal range is from sea level to 2,000 m.
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Continent: Europe
Distribution: Greece (Crete and satellite islands)  
Type locality: (as in Wettstein 1952) Kisamo Kastelli, nordwestliches Kreta.
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Source: The Reptile Database

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It occupies shrubland, rocky areas, and dry river beds.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2009

Assessor/s
Petros Lymberakis

Reviewer/s
Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment)

Contributor/s

Justification
The species is restricted to the island of Crete (where it is found only in suitable habitat in the western part) and associated small islets. Its extent of occurrence is c.3,000 km2 and is severely fragmented. There are ongoing declines in extent and quality of habitat for this species, caused by urbanization and tourist development. Consequently this species qualifies as Endangered.
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Population

Population
The population size has not been quantified. It is common in suitable habitats but very patchily distributed.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Habitat loss and degradation from urbanization and tourist development are the main threats.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It occurs in a number of protected areas. It is protected under Appendix II of Bern and Annex IV of the EU Habitats Directive (as part of P. erhardii).
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