Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs in Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais states, Brazil (Bonvicino, 2002; 831091).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species is present in Atlantic forest habitat, it occurs in primary forest, but is more common in secondary forest and forest borders; it is occasionally found near urban areas. It is nocturnal and arboreal, occurring mainly in the canopy and has a folivorous diet (Y. Leite pers. comm.).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Life History and Behavior

Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Observations: Little is known about the longevity of these animals, but one specimen lived 10.3 years in captivity (Richard Weigl 2005). There is some confusion in the literature between this species and *Sphiggurus insidiosus*.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Sphiggurus villosus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Leite, Y. & Patterson, B.

Reviewer/s
Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
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Population

Population
This porcupine is locally common.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats to this species at this time.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no conservation measures in place to protect this species. It is not known if any are needed.
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Wikipedia

Orange-spined hairy dwarf porcupine

The orange-spined hairy dwarf porcupine, Sphiggurus villosus, is a porcupine species from the family Erethizontidae[2] endemic to southern Brazil.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Leite, Y. & Patterson, B. (2008). Sphiggurus villosus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
  2. ^ Woods, C. A.; Kilpatrick, C. W. (2005). "Infraorder Hystricognathi". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 1538–1600. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
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