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Range DescriptionThis species has been widely, but patchily, recorded from much of sub-Saharan Africa, and from Yemen (Hud Sawa cave, Ar-Rayadi Al-Gharbi Mountains) on the Arabian Peninsula (Al-Jumaily 1999; Hutson et al. 2001). In Africa it has been reported from CÃ´te d'Ivoire and Ghana in West Africa, through Central Africa (recorded from Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and western Uganda) to East Africa (Djibouti [Mount Day], Ethiopia [Sof Omar limestone cave], Kenya and Tanzania) to southern Africa (Malawi, central Angola [Chitau], Zimbabwe, Zambia and eastern South Africa). It has recently been recorded in Eritrea (in a disused railway tunnel 8 km east of Asmara) for the first time (Kock and Zinner 2004). It is found at elevations from sea level to 2,900 m asl.