The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2011. Lamiales of North America Update
  • Bulletin de la Classe Physico-Mathématique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg 15: 371. 1857. (Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg)
  • Novon 5(4): 330. 1995. (Novon)
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.


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