Overview

Distribution

endemic to a single state or province

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Physical Description

Type Information

Type for Troglodytes troglodytes helleri
Catalog Number: USNM 167276
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Birds
Sex/Stage: Male; Adult
Preparation: Skin: Whole
Collector(s): W. Osgood & E. Heller
Year Collected: 1900
Locality: Kodiak Island, Near Kodiak, English Bay, Kodiak Island Division, Alaska, United States, North America
  • Type: Osgood. April 1901. Auk. 18 (2): 181.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T3 - Vulnerable

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Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Comments: This taxon was first described as a distinct subspecies (Anorthura hiemalis helleri) by Osgood (1901), from a type specimen collected at English Bay (now known as Woman's Bay) on Kodiak Island.

Nine subspecies of winter wren occur in North America; these are separated into three groups based on morphology, plumage and vocal characteristics: the Boreal-eastern, Western-Pacific Coast, and Bering Sea-southwestern Alaska groups. Troglodytes t. helleri belongs to the Western-Pacific Coast group; the Bering Sea-southwestern group comprises the other Alaskan subspecies T. t. alascensis, T. t. meligrus, T. t. kiskensis, and T. t. semidiensis (Hejl et al. 2002). These are now subspecies of T. pacificus following AOU (2010). Recent genetic work by Drovetski et al. (2004) showed strong differentiation between six groups, or clades, worldwide; they argued for the recognition of winter wren clades as evolutionarily significant units, or even species, and hence recognition of fewer subspecies.

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