Overview

Distribution

endemic to a single state or province

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Physical Description

Type Information

Type for Troglodytes troglodytes kiskensis
Catalog Number: USNM 298574
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Birds
Sex/Stage: Male; Adult
Preparation: Skin: Whole
Collector(s): D. Stevenson
Year Collected: 1925
Locality: Aleutian Islands, Amak Island, Aleutians East Division, Alaska, United States, North America
  • Type: Oberholser. September 26, 1930. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington. 43: 151.
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Type for Troglodytes troglodytes kiskensis
Catalog Number: USNM 595897
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Birds
Sex/Stage: Male; Adult
Preparation: Skin: Whole
Collector(s): I. Gabrielson
Year Collected: 1946
Locality: Aleutian Islands, Seguam Island, Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States, North America
  • Type: Gabrielson, I. N. & Lincoln. May 14, 1951. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington. 64: 73.
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Type for Troglodytes troglodytes kiskensis
Catalog Number: USNM 167340
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Birds
Sex/Stage: Female; Adult
Preparation: Skin: Whole
Collector(s): W. Osgood
Year Collected: 1900
Locality: Aleutian Islands, Unalaska Island, Unalaska, Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States, North America
  • Type: Oberholser. April 28, 1919. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 55: 226 (in list), 232.
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Type for Troglodytes troglodytes kiskensis
Catalog Number: USNM 230245
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Birds
Sex/Stage: Male; Adult
Preparation: Skin: Whole
Collector(s): A. Wetmore
Year Collected: 1911
Locality: Aleutian Islands, Tanaga Island, Tanaga Bay, Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States, North America
  • Type: Oberholser. April 28, 1919. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 55: 226 (in list), 230.
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Type for Troglodytes troglodytes kiskensis
Catalog Number: USNM 230239
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Birds
Sex/Stage: Male; Adult
Preparation: Skin: Whole
Collector(s): A. Wetmore
Year Collected: 1911
Locality: Aleutian Islands, Kiska Island, Kiska Harbor, Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States, North America
  • Type: Oberholser. April 28, 1919. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 55: 226 (in list), 228.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T3 - Vulnerable

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Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Comments: Nine subspecies of winter wren occur in North America; these are separated into three groups based on morphology, plumage and vocal characteristics: the Boreal-eastern, Western-Pacific Coast, and Bering Sea-southwestern Alaska groups. Troglodytes t. helleri belongs to the Western-Pacific Coast group; the Bering Sea-southwestern group comprises the other Alaskan subspecies T. t. alascensis, T. t. meligrus, T. t. kiskensis, and T. t. semidiensis (Hejl et al. 2002). These are now subspecies of T. pacificus following AOU (2010). Recent genetic work by Drovetski et al. (2004) showed strong differentiation between six groups, or clades, worldwide; they argued for the recognition of winter wren clades as evolutionarily significant units, or even species, and hence recognition of fewer subspecies.

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