Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata — Details

Northern Red-bellied Snake learn more about names for this taxon

Overview

Distribution

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Northern redbelly snake

The Northern redbelly snake (Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata) is a nonvenomous snake in the Colubridae family, a subspecies of Storeria occipitomaculata. It is endemic to North America.

Geographic range[edit]

It is found from Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia in the north and south to Florida and Texas.

Description[edit]

Adult and young have known dorsal colorations of solid olive-brown, tan-brown, chestnut-brown, grey-brown, grey or even black. They have three yellow spots posterior to the head shields,[1] to which the specific name occipitomaculata (meaning spotted back of the head) refers. The underside is coral-red to brick-red. Coloration is usually made up of three different shades forming a striped pattern. Like all species of the genus Storeria, redbelly snakes have keeled scales and no loreal scale.[2] Some specimens have been found with three black dots on the top of the head. Adults will grow to about 31 centimetres (12 in) in total length (body + tail).

Northern redbelly snake

Habitat[edit]

They can be found in moist flowerbeds, gardens, and moist woodlands, such as borders between a forest and a wetland. They are often found under logs and rocks near a woods or forest.

Diet[edit]

They feed primarily on slugs and earthworms.

Reproduction[edit]

The Northern redbelly snake gives birth to live young. Each newborn measures about 7.6–11 cm (3-4¼ in.) in total length.

In captivity[edit]

They are known to live up to 4 years in captivity. Being nonvenomous, they can be safely held.

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