DistributionRead full entry
Despite reports (e.g. Alvarado et al., 2010), this species has not been recorded from Panama. Centrostephanus rubricingulus is a subtropical species that occurs in the colder waters off California and the Galapagos Archipelago (see Lessios, 2005).
Alvarado, J. J., Solis-Marin, A. & Ahearn, C. G. (2010). Echinoderm (Echinodermata) diversity in the Pacific coast of Central America. Mar. Biodiv. 40: 45-46.
Lessios, H. A. (2005). Echinoids of the Pacific Waters of Panama: Status of Knowledge and new records. Rev. Biol. Trop. (Int. J.) Trop. Biol. 53: 147-170.