Overview

Distribution

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Global Range: (20,000-2,500,000 square km (about 8000-1,000,000 square miles)) Southern Texas south through Tamaulipas (eastern Mexico) to Veracruz and San Luis Potosi (Hall 1981). Texas population probably consists of only a few individuals; recent sightings in Brazoria County south of Houston, Texas, may have been of released animals (Matthews and Moseley 1990). A recent effort to document jaguarundi on and near the Laguna Atascosa NWR, Texas, was unsuccessful (USFWS 1990).

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Historic Range:
U.S.A. (TX), Mexico

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Physical Description

Type Information

Type for Puma yagouaroundi cacomitli
Catalog Number: USNM A1426
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Mammals
Sex/Stage: Female;
Preparation: Skull
Collector(s): D. Couch
Year Collected: 1840
Locality: Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico, North America
  • Type: Berlandier. 1859 Jan. Mammals. 12.
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Type for Puma yagouaroundi cacomitli
Catalog Number: USNM A1373
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Mammals
Sex/Stage: Female; Young adult
Preparation: Skull
Collector(s): J. Berlandier
Locality: Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico, North America
  • Type: Mearns, E. A. 1901 Aug 09. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington. 14: 150.
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Thick brushlands (patchy or continuous). Habitat near water is favored. Spends most of time on ground, though climbs well. Sleeping and birthing occur in a den in a hollow log, treefall, or thicket.

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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Trophic Strategy

Comments: Diet consists mainly of birds (sometimes including doemstic poultry), reptiles, and small mammals (e.g., rats, mice, rabbits); occasionally may eat fishes and fruit.

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General Ecology

Travels widely in a huge home range (Emmons and Feer 1990).

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Comments: Diurnal and nocturnal (Emmons and Feer 1990). Hunts in the morning and evening; much less nocturnal than most cats (Nowak 1991).

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Reproduction

Mates November-December. Gestation lasts 9-10 weeks (also reported as 6 months). May be one or two litters of 1-4 (average 2) per year. In Mexico, young are produced around March and August.

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N1 - Critically Imperiled

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T3 - Vulnerable

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Current Listing Status Summary

Status: Endangered
Date Listed: 06/14/1976
Lead Region:   Southwest Region (Region 2) 
Where Listed: U.S.A.(TX),Mexico


Population detail:

Population location: U.S.A.(TX),Mexico
Listing status: E

For most current information and documents related to the conservation status and management of Puma yagouaroundi cacomitli, see its USFWS Species Profile

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Economic Uses

Comments: Pelt is of poor quality and of little value (Leopold 1959). Not hunted for the fur trade (Emmons and Feer 1990).

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Wikipedia

Gulf Coast jaguarundi

The Gulf Coast jaguarundi (Puma yagouaroundi cacomitli) is a subspecies of jaguarundi that ranges from southern Texas in the United States south to Veracruz and San Luis Potosí in eastern Mexico.[3] This cat looks like a large weasel or otter with a coat in one of three color phases: black, reddish-brown or brownish-gray.[4] Darker varieties tend to be found in darker places, like forests, than those who are lighter in hue, which prefer more open areas.[5]

Habitat[edit]

The Gulf Coast jaguarundi can be found in the Western Gulf coastal grasslands, Tamaulipan mezquital, and Tamaulipan matorral.[6] Its preferred habitat are regions of dense, thorny scrub, especially near water,[3] composed of plants such as Spiny Hackberry (Celtis pallida), Brazilian Bluewood (Condalia hookeri), Desert Yaupon (Schaefferia cuneifolia), Berlandier's Wolfberry (Lycium berlandieri), Lotebush (Ziziphus obtusifolia), Texas Goatbush (Castela texana), Whitebrush (Aloysia gratissima), Catclaw Acacia (Acacia greggii), Blackbrush Acacia (Acacia rigidula), Velvetleaf Lantana (Lantana velutina), Texas Lignum-vitae (Guaiacum angustifolium), Cenizo (Leucophyllum frutescens), Elbowbush (Forestiera angustifolia), and Texas Persimmon (Diospyros texana).[4]

Threats[edit]

Recently, it has been suggested by some environmentalists that the jaguarundi, and many other fauna unique to Southern Texas, will be severely threatened if a proposed 16 foot wall is constructed along segments of the Mexico–United States border.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 545. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ Cat Specialist Group (1996). Herpailurus yaguarondi ssp. cacomitli. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 2007-05-23.
  3. ^ a b "Puma yagouaroundi cacomitli". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  4. ^ a b "Jaguarundi" (PDF). Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved 2008-12-31. 
  5. ^ "Gulf Coast jaguarundi (Herpailurus (=Felis) yagouaroundi cacomitli)". Environmental Conservation Online System. United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 2008-12-31. 
  6. ^ "Fauna Silvestre Presente en el Estado de Nuevo Leon" (PDF) (in Spanish). Secretariat of the Environment and Natural Resources. Archived from the original on June 20, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  7. ^ Bustillo, Miguel (17 October 2007). "Wildlife at border may lose sanctuary". Los Angeles Times. 
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