recent & fossil
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Self-Sullivan, C. & Mignucci-Giannoni, A.
Reynolds III, J.E. & Powell, J.A. (Sirenia Red List Authority)
The Antillean manatee subspecies is listed as Endangered because the current population is estimated at less than 2,500 mature individuals and is predicted to undergo a decline of more than 20% over the next two generations (estimated at ~40 years for an unexploited population, based on T. m. latirostris data) without effective conservation actions, due to current and projected future anthropogenic threats (habitat degradation and loss, hunting, accidental fishing-related mortality, pollution, and human disturbance).