Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: flyingfish (English), volador (Espanol)
 
 Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus californicus (Cooper, 1863)



Smallhead flyingfish, California flyingfish


Body relatively slender (depth < 16% of SL); head relatively short (< 22% of SL); snout short (~ eye diameter); mouth small, jaws ~ equal length, or lower a little longer, top one not protrusible; jaw teeth with 1 point, sometimes with smaller secondary points; sides of roof of mouth with teeth; fins without spines; 9-13 dorsal rays; 9-12 anal rays; pectoral reaches tail fin base, its 1st  ray unbranched; pelvic origin nearer operculum than tail fin base, fin long, reaches nearly to end of anal fin base; anal origin under 3rd  dorsal ray; tail deeply forked with a longer lower lobe; lateral line low on the body, no branch to origin of pectoral; scales large, smooth, easily shed; ~ 50 scales in front of dorsal fin; juveniles with 2 fused barbels under chin.

Blue-grey above, silvery below;  dorsal with a large dark spot; pectorals dark grey with a wide clear border; remaining fins clear.

Size: reaches 48 cm.

Habitat: surface layers inshore and offshore.

Depth: 0-10 m.

Oregon to the tip of Baja California, the SW Gulf of California, also the Revillagigedos Islands.
   
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Biology

Adults are epipelagic and neritic. Capable of leaping and gliding out of the water for considerable distances above the surface.
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Distribution

Range Description

This subspecies is present in the eastern Pacific from Oregon to the tip of Baja California, including the southwestern Gulf of California and the Revillagigedos islands.
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Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, TEP non-endemic

Regional Endemism: All species, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily, California province, primarily, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)

Residency: Vagrant

Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California), Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap), Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
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Eastern Pacific: Oregon, USA to southern Baja California.
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (S) - 10 (S)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 13; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 9 - 12; Vertebrae: 48 - 51
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Size

Length max (cm): 48.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 380 mm ---
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Max. size

38.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9300))
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Diagnostic Description

Branchiostegal rays: 10-12 (Ref. 36606).
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Type Information

Type for Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus californicus
Catalog Number: USNM 8140
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Locality: Catalina Is. Cal., California, United States, Pacific
  • Type: Cooper, J. G. 1863. Proceedings of the California Academy of Natural Sciences. 3: 93, fig. 20.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This is a epipelagic, neritic fish found to 5 m. This species is capable of leaping and gliding out of the water for considerable distances above the surface.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine
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Salinity: Marine, Marine Only

Inshore/Offshore: Offshore Only, Offshore

Water Column Position: Surface, Water column only

Habitat: Water column

FishBase Habitat: Pelagic
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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
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Trophic Strategy

Feeding

Feeding Group: Planktivore

Diet: zooplankton, pelagic fish eggs, pelagic fish larvae
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous (Ref. 36606).
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Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Genomic DNA is available from 5 specimens with morphological vouchers housed at British Antarctic Survey
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Collette, B.

Reviewer/s
Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This subspecies is widely distributed in the Eastern Pacific. Although there is no population information available, there are no major threats known. It is listed as Least Concern.
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IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this subspecies.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known for this subspecies.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known species-specific conservation measures. However, this subspecies' distribution overlaps a number of Marine Protected Areas within its range (WDPA 2006).
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

bait: occasionally
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Wikipedia

California flying fish

The California flying fish, Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus californicus, is a subspecies of Pacific flying fish. It may grow up to 15 inches (38 cm) in length and is the largest member of the flying fish family. It is found in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, from Oregon to Baja California. As with all other flying fish, the California can not actually fly, but it can launch itself into the air, using its specially adapted fins to glide along the surface.[1]

References[edit]


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