Overview

Brief Summary

Introduction

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Distribution

Range Description

This species is known historically from 15 locations (Anon. 2014) inBrazil. Currently it is found in just three areas inCear state: the Serra do Baturit, Quixad (C. Albano in litt. 2006, Waugh et al. 2010) and most recently from a rocky mountainside in Cearwhere five birds were recorded in March 2014 (Anon. 2014). In Serra do Baturit it seems to be very uncommon and appears to have been extirpated from several areas, but there are recent records of groups in the Baturit Mountains Environmental Protection Area; surveys in 2007 of half the remaining habitat at this site revealed c. 80 individuals (C. Albano in litt. 2007, 2008) and the population here is now estimated to be c. 250 birds (Waugh et al. 2010). The forests of the Baturit Mountains have been greatly reduced to make room for shade and sun coffee and only 13% of the forest remained in 1996. The discovery in 2010 of a population of c. 50 birds in Quixad (Waugh et al. 2010) raises the known global population to c.300 birds. The species was formerly known from two other areas: the eastern slope of the Serra de Ibiapaba in Cear, and the tiny Serra Negra in Pernambuco where it was very common in 1974, with flocks of 4-6 individuals regularly seen in the early 1980s, but there are no recent records. There are also unconfirmed reports from 1991 in Murici Ecological Station in Alagoas which possibly refer to released individuals; recent fieldwork there failed to locate the species. Its known range is very small, and the species has declined dramatically in the past, a trend which may be ongoing.

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© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

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Range

NE Brazil (Ceará).
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in montane (above 500 m) humid forest enclaves in the otherwise semi-arid north-east Brazil. These wet 'sky islands' are known locally as 'brejos'. Humid forests grade into semi-deciduous forest and eventually dry, xeric caatingas in lower areas. The forests are restricted to upland granite or sandstone areas which receive up to four times the annual rainfall of lower altitudes. The humid forests atop the Baturit massif form a continuous canopy c.20 m tall, with some emergents. Birds feed on fruit and seeds in the canopy of humid and semi-deciduous forest.The newly discovered population of five birds on a rocky mountainside in Cearwere found to be nesting in a fissure in the rock face; considerably different from the typical tree nest sites used by the other remaining populations (Anon. 2014).


Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Source: IUCN

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
CR
Critically Endangered

Red List Criteria
C2a(ii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2015

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Symes, A.

Contributor/s
Albano, C., Campos, A., Girao, W., Olmos, F. & Pinto, T.

Justification
Recent surveys indicate that this species has an extremely small population which continues to decline following dramatic historic declines. For these reasons it qualifies as Critically Endangered.


History
  • 2012
    Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Not Recognized (NR)
  • Not Recognized (NR)
  • Not Recognized (NR)
  • Not Recognized (NR)