Overview

Distribution

endemic to a single nation

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Global Range: (<100-250 square km (less than about 40-100 square miles)) Area of Lacs des Loups Marins (Lower Seal Lakes), approximately 160 km east of Hudson Bay, on the Ungava Peninsula of northern Quebec (Smith 1997).

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Ecology

Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: 1 - 5

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N1 - Critically Imperiled

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T1 - Critically Imperiled

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Threats

Comments: Occasionally hunted by aboriginal peoples; vulnerable to disturbance (Smith 1997).

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Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Comments: Validity of this subspecies is questionable; see taxonomic comments for Phoca vitulina.

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Disclaimer

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