Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Pyrrhura emma occurs in forested areas of the coastal cordillera of northern Venezuela, from Yacacuy and Carabobo to Miranda, and disjunctly from Anzoátegui to Sucre and northern Monagas (del Hoyo et al. 1997, Juniper and Parr 1998, Hilty 2003, Forshaw 2006). Primarily it is found at 250-1,700 m, but occurs to sea-level in eastern Sucre (Hilty 2003), where it is fairly common (Hilty 2003, P. Boesman in litt. 2006). Its distribution within this range is complex and disjunct, mostly found in hilly terrain at low elevations (Hilty 2003).
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Range

Patchily distributed humid forests of coastal n Venezuela.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in foothill forest of the coastal cordillera in Venezuela, in humid and wet forest and edge as well as adjacent clearings with scattered trees and groves (del Hoyo et al. 1997). It typically travels in tight, fast-flying flocks of up to 25 before landing in the canopy. The species has been observed eating Ochroma flowers and nectar (Hilty 2003).


Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2014

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S.

Contributor/s
Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C J

Justification
Although this species may have a restricted range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

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Population

Population
This species's population size has apparently not been quantified.


Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Trapping for trade and land-use changes may be driving a decline in this species's population, although the trend has not been quantified, and neither of these threats are regarded as serious for this species at present (C. J. Sharpe in litt. 2014).

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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Conservation Actions Underway
It occurs in several national parks (P. Boesman in litt. 2006), with a ‘substantial’ population in Guatopo National Park, Miranda (Juniper and Parr 1998, Hilty 2003).

Conservation Actions Proposed
Continue monitoring this species in the field and in trade. Strengthen the network of protected areas within this species's range.

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