endemic to a single nation
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Type of Residency: Year-round
Global Range: Southeastern Virginia, Coastal Plain of North and South Carolina, and into all of Georgia, Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi, west into Tennessee and Kentucky.
Catalog Number: USNM 21163
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol; Dry
Year Collected: 1893
Locality: Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina, United States, North America
- Holotype: Blanchard, F. N. 1920. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. (81): 2, plate 1.
Comments: Pine flatwoods, wet prairie hammocks; less frequently in bottomland, mixed hardwood, and upland pine forest, sandhills, and maritime hammock; rare in extensive grassy wetlands (except "limestone-lined banks of sugar cane irrigation fields") (Tennant 1997). In or near pine woods beneath logs and stumps; also in coastal plains.
Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Number of Occurrences
Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.
Estimated Number of Occurrences: 6 - 80
Comments: Difficult to estimate because of its secretive nature; no exact figures.
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: T5 - Secure
Degree of Threat: BC
Comments: Threats include forest clearcutting, pesticides, and misidentification as a coral snake (a poisonous species that is often killed).
Names and Taxonomy
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