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Brief Summary

Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense are protozoan parasites that are the cause of nearly all human African trypanosomiasis (HAT, or African sleeping sickness); the subspecies Trypanosoma brucei brucei infects domestic and wild animals but usually not humans (but see the phylogeographic analysis by Balmer et al. 2011, which concludes that these three "subspecies" are not actually genetically or historically distinct lineages).

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© Shapiro, Leo

Source: EOL Rapid Response Team

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