The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (Jan 2003) External link.
  • 2. Roberts, M. J. (1993) The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland, part 1- text. Harley Books, Colchester.
  • 3. Araneus diadematus. Animal Diversity Web. (March 2003) http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.eduaccounts/araneus/a._diadematus$narrative.htmlhttp://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.eduaccounts/araneus/a._diadematus$narrative.html External link.
  • 4. Roberts, M. J. (1995) Collins field guide- spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Harper Collins Publishers, London.
  • 5. Sterry, P. (1997) Complete British Wildlife Photo Guide. Harper Collins Publishers, London.
  • 6. Nichols, D., Cooke, J. & Whiteley, D. (1971) The Oxford Book of Invertebrates. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 7. Buczacki, S. (2002) Fauna Britannica. Hamlyn, London.
  • 8. Peter Merrett (2003) Pers. comm.
  • Araneus diadematus
  • Breene, R. G., D. Allen Dean, G. B. Edwards, Blain Hebert, Herbert W. Levi, Gail Manning, et al. 2003. Common Names of Arachnids, Fifth Edition. 42
  • Candek, Klemen, Gregoric, Matjaz, Kostanjsek, Rok, Frick, Holger, Kropf, Christian, Kuntner, Matjaz, Miller, Jeremy A., Hoeksema, Bert W. (2013): Targeting a portion of central European spider diversity for permanent preservation. Biodiversity Data Journal 1, 980: 980-980, URL:
  • Comstock, J. 1980. The Spider Book. United Kingdom: Cornell University Press Ltd.
  • Deltshev, Christo, Komnenov, Marjan, Blagoev, Gergin, Georgiev, Teodor, Lazarov, Stoyan, Stojkoska, Emilija, Naumova, Maria (2013): Faunistic diversity of spiders (Araneae) in Galichitsa mountain (FYR Macedonia). Biodiversity Data Journal 1, 977: 977-977, URL:
  • Dewey, J. 1993. Spiders Near and Far. New York: Dutton Children's Books.
  • Foelix, R. 1982. Biology of Spiders. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
  • Kaston, B. 1972. How To Know the Spiders. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers.
  • Parsons, A. 1990. Amazing Spiders. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc..
  • Platnick, Norman I. 2011. website. The World Spider Catalog, v.11.0. American Museum of Natural History. Database built by Robert J. Raven from the files underlying the website at DOI: 10.5531/db.iz.0001
  • Preston-Mafham, K., R. Preston-Mafham. 1996. The Natural History of Spiders. Ramsbury, Malborough: The Crowood Press Ltd.
  • Wise, D. 1993. Spiders in Ecological Webs. New York: Cambridge University Press.


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