The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Millar, R. H. 1966. Tunicata: Ascidiacea. Marine Invertebrates of Scandinavia, no. 1. 123
- Wells, A., and W. W. K. Houston, eds. 1998. Hemichordata, Tunicata, Cephalochordata. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, vol. 34. xiii + 298