The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Bisacre, M., R. Carlisle, D. Robertson, J. Ruck. 1979. The Ilustrated Encyclopedia of Plants and Animals. New York: Exter Books.
- Desert USA, 1996. "Black Widow Spiders/Latrodectus hesperus" (On-line). Accessed March 21, 2001 at http://www.desertusa.com/july97/du_bwindow.html.
- Encyclopedia Britanica, 1999-2000. "Black Widow" (On-line). Accessed March 21, 2001 at http://www.britanica.com/b.../0,5716,15726+1+15522,00.html?query=latrodectus%20hesperu.
- Jones, S. 1991. "Ohio State University Extension Factsheet/ Black Widow Spider" (On-line). Accessed February 15, 2005 at http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/2000/2061A.html.
- Platnick, Norman I. 2011. website. The World Spider Catalog, v.11.0. American Museum of Natural History. Database built by Robert J. Raven from the files underlying the website at http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog/ DOI: 10.5531/db.iz.0001
- Vest, D., Eagle Rock Research. 1999. "The Widow Spiders" (On-line). Accessed March 23, 2001 at http://hobospider.org/widows.html.
- Virtual Science Centre, 1996. "Latrodectus Hesperus" (On-line). Accessed March 21, 2001 at http://www.sci-ctr.edu.sg/events/exhibit/megabugs/blackwid.html.