Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs from west central Brazil (Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sol, and Rodonia States) to northeast Bolivia (Santa Cruz and Beni Departments).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species is a habitat specialist occurring in wet grasslands. The species is adapted for burrowing and it spends most of the day in underground tunnels, except during the wet season when it moves above ground (Eisenberg and Redford, 1999). It feeds on roots and grasses (Eisenberg and Redford, 1999).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Marinhio-Filho, J. & Vieira, E.

Reviewer/s
Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is listed as Least Concern because although it is rarely recorded, not abundant and patchy within its wide distribution, it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.

History
  • 1996
    Vulnerable
  • 1994
    Indeterminate
    (Groombridge 1994)
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Population

Population
This species is not common and is patchily distributed (Marinho-Filho pers. comm.).

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The major threat is habitat destruction of the grasslands due to agriculture and livestock (Marinho-Filho pers. comm.).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The species occurs in at least two protected areas (Marinho-Filho pers. comm.).
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Wikipedia

Woolly giant rat

The Woolly Giant Rat, Kunsia tomentosus, is a burrowing rodent species from South America. It is found in wet grasslands in Bolivia and Brazil, where it feeds on roots and grasses. They prefer elevations from sea level to about one thousand metres above sea level. They create burrows in which to live and travel.

The South American Giant Rat is the largest living rat. It can measure up to 30cm (1 foot) in length, and carries a tail as long as 16cm (6 inches) long. Its dark brown mixed with gray fur is thick on the top of its body, but thins out toward the under parts. The thinner under parts are also lighter in colour. The tail is almost always black. The large claws and feet of the rat are perfect digging tools.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Marinhio-Filho, J. & Vieira, E. (2008). Kunsia tomentosus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 15 April 2009.
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