Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Baluchistan gerbil is a medium-sized gerbil. Hairs of the upperparts reddish yellow. Underparts, forelimbs and feet white. Upper surface color of the tail as back with gray spots at distal end and underside silver. Tail brush pale gray and obvious. Palm and sole of the feet with hairs, extending between pads.

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Distribution

Range Description

Occurs in the western part of the Sahara and Sahel (from Morocco to Tunisia in the north and from Mauritania through northern Mali and Niger to Chad in the south). Also present in the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East through Afghanistan and Pakistan to northwest India.
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Distribution in Egypt

Localized (South Sinai).

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Physical Description

Size

Body length: 140–235 mm. Tail length: 80–145 mm.

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Found in desert, semi-desert, arable land and gardens. Mostly found in parts of the desert with relatively deep soil and abundant vegetation, such as wadis, oases, sebkhas edges and sand-clay plains or basins.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Baluchistan gerbil inhabits in salt marshes, sandy and semi-deserts from sea level up to 1000 m.

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Behaviour

Nocturnal species. Burrows in barren or sparsely vegetated solid soils, sometimes under shrubs. May wander long distances in search of food. The breeding season of Baluchistan gerbil probably in winter and the beginning of spring.

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Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Maximum longevity: 4.5 years (captivity) Observations: One specimen lived 4.5 years in captivity (Richard Weigl 2005). Nonetheless, maximum longevity might be underestimated in this species.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Gerbillus nanus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Granjon, L., Shenbrot, G. & Scott, D.

Reviewer/s
Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Temple, H. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
A common and widespread species with no major threats, hence assessed as Least Concern.

History
  • 2004
    Least Concern
  • 1996
    Critically Endangered
    (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
  • 1996
    Critically Endangered
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Status in Egypt

Native, resident?

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Population

Population
It is a common species.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats to this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is found in a number of protected areas. No specific conservation measures are in place or needed.
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Wikipedia

Balochistan gerbil

The Balochistan gerbil, Gerbillus nanus, is distributed mainly from Morocco to Somalia and western Pakistan. It is also called Wagner's gerbil.

References[edit]

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