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Endemic Range and Mammalian Associates
James's gerbil (Gerbillus jamesi) is endemic to a small coastal area of eastern Tunisia within the North Saharan steppe and woodlands ecoregion. This ecoregion is notable for a number of Saharan endemic mammals that are very locally distributed in the dune systems of this ecoregion. Most of these species are small mammals, including the four-toed jerboa (Allactaga tetradactyla, EN), North African gerbil (Gerbillus campestris), , pale gerbil (G. perpallidus), lesser short-tailed gerbil (G. simoni) and sand gerbil (G. syrticus, CR), fat-tailed gerbil (Pachyuromys duprasi), and Shaw's jird (Meriones shawi).