The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. UNEP-WCMC (January, 2002) http://www.uncp-wcmc.org External link.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 1999. "WebMD - Tularemia" (On-line). Accessed 25 Nov 2001 at
  • 2. The Mammal Society (January, 2002) External link.
  • 3. UK Biodiversity Species Action Plan (January, 2002) External link.
  • 4. DEFRA News Release (May, 2008) External link.
  • 5. Woodroffe, G. (2000) The Water Vole. The Mammal Society, London.
  • 6. Jefferies, D.J., Morris, P.A. and Mulleneux, J.E. (1989) An enquiry into the changing status of the Water Vole Arvicola terrestris in Britain. Mammal Review, 19: 111 - 131.
  • 7. Macdonald, D.W. and Tattersall, F.T. (2001) Britain's Mammals: The Challenge for Conservation. Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Oxford University.
  • 8. English Nature. (1999) Water Vole: Guidance for Planners and Developers. English Nature, Peterborough.
  • Bazhan, N. M., E. N. Makarova, and T. V. Yakovleva. 1996. Deprivation of food during pregnancy and reproduction in the water vole (Arvicola terrestris). Journal of Mammalogy 77:1078-1084.
  • Bazhan, N., E. Makarova, T. Yakovleva. 1996. Deprivation of Food During Pregnancy and Reproduction in the Water Vole (*Arvicola terrestris*). Journal of Mammalogy, 77: 1078-1084.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder (eds.), Mammal Species of the World,Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, 2005.
  • French, N. R., Grant W. E., Grodzinski W., and S. D. M. 1976. Small mammal energetics in grassland ecosystems. Ecological Monographs 46:201-220.
  • G. B., C. 1966. The Terrestrial Mammals of Western Europe. Philadelphia: Dufour Editions.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Jan 2001. "The Mammal Society: Mammal Fact Sheets" (On-line). Accessed 4 Dec 2001 at
  • Kenagy, G. J., and S. C. Trombulak. 1986. Size and Function of Mammalian Testes in Relation to Body Size. Journal of Mammalogy 67:1-22.
  • Linnaeus, C., Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classis, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis,Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classis, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, 17581.
  • Lovegrove, B. G. 2000. The Zoogeography of Mammalian Basal Metabolic Rate. American Naturalist 156:201-219.
  • Mace, G. 1979. The Evolutionary Ecology of Small Mammals. University of Sussex.
  • McNab, B. K. 1992. The Comparative Energetics of Rigid Endothermy - the Arvicolidae. Journal of Zoology 227:585-606.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at
  • Niethammer, J. 1990. Water Voles (Genus *Arvicola*). Pp. 242245 in S Parker, ed. Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals, Volume III. NY: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
  • Nowak, R. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th Edition. MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Ronald Nowak (1999) Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Southern, H. N. 1964. The handbook of British mammals. Blackwell Scientific Publications., Oxford, UK.
  • Stewart, W., J. Dallas, S. Piertney, F. Marshall, S. Telfer. 1999. Metapopulation genetic structure in the water vole, Arvicola terrestris, in NE Scotland. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 68: 159-171.
  • Stoddart, D. M. 1970. Individual range, dispersion and dispersal in a population of Water voles (Arvicola terrestris (L.)). Journal of Animal Ecology 39:403-425.
  • Stoddart, D. M. 1971. Breeding and survival in a population of water voles. Journal of Animal Ecology 40:487-494.
  • Storey, G. 2001. "Environment Agency - Water voles" (On-line). Accessed 4 Dec 2001 at®ion=&projectstatus=&theme=&subject=&searchfor=water+vole&topic=&area=&month=.
  • Thompson, H. 1964. Water Vole (Water Rat) *Arvicola amphibius* L.. Pp. 286-289 in H Southern, ed. The Handbook of British Mammals. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Woodroffe, G., J. Lawton. 1990. Patterns in the production of latrines by water voles (*Arvicola terrestris*) and their use as indices of abundance in population surveys. Journal of Zoology, 220: 439-445.
  • 罗泽珣,陈卫,高武等, 中国动物志.兽纲.第六卷.啮齿目(下册)仓鼠科,北京:科学出版社, 2000: 1-522.


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