The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Breed, W. G., and J. Taylor. 2000. Body mass, testes mass and sperm size in murine rodents. Journal of Mammalogy 81:758-768.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Emmons, L. H., A. Gautierhion, and G. Dubost. 1983. Community Structure of the Frugivorous Folivorous Forest Mammals of Gabon. Journal of Zoology 199:209-222.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Kerley, G. I. H. 1992. Trophic Status of Small Mammals in the Semiarid Karoo, South- Africa. Journal of Zoology 226:563-572.
  • Linzey, A. V., and M. H. Kesner. 1997. Small mammals of a woodland-savannah ecosystem in Zimbabwe .1. Density and habitat occupancy patterns. Journal of Zoology 243:137-152.
  • Lovegrove, B. G. 2000. The Zoogeography of Mammalian Basal Metabolic Rate. American Naturalist 156:201-219.
  • Nel, J. A. J. 1975. Species density and ecological diversity of South African mammal communities. South African Journal of Science 71:168-170.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wirminghaus, J. O., and M. R. Perrin. 1993. Seasonal changes in density, demography and body composition of small mammals in a southern temperate forest. Journal of Zoology 229:303-318.


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