This species is endemic to Sri Lanka, where it is known from one location each in Central Province (Kumbalaghamuwa), North Eastern Province (Kumana), Southern Province (Buttawa in Hambantota and Yala National Park) and Uva Province (Galge in Monaragala) (Phillips 1935; Molur et al. 2005; W.I.L.D.P.T.S. de A. Goonatilake in litt. 2005). It is found at about 1,000 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
Habitat and Ecology
It is a nocturnal and terrestrial species. It occurs in tropical and sub tropical dry thorny scrub forest. It has been found to occupy low country dry and intermediate zone and semi-evergreen forest (Molur et al. 2005).
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
de A. Goonatilake, W.I.L.D.P.T.S., Nameer, P.O. & Molur, S.
Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Listed as Endangered because its area of occupancy is probably less than 500 km², all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
- 1996Lower Risk/least concern
There is no information available on the population abundance of this species.
Increased use of pesticides in agriculture, human disturbance and presence of domestic predators have been observed to be major threats for this species (Molur et al. 2005).
The species is not protected by any legislation. However, it has been recorded from Yala National Park. Surveys and population monitoring are recommended for this species (Molur et al. 2005).
Ceylon spiny mouse
- Baillie, J. 1996. Mus fernandoni. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 19 July 2007.
- Musser, G. G.; Carleton, M. D. (2005). "Superfamily Muroidea". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 894–1531. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3.
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