This species is patchily distributed from Pakistan and northern India, through Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Viet Nam and southern China (Anning and Ruili, both localities in Yunnan [Smith and Xie 2008]) (Musser and Carleton 2005). It has also been recorded from northern Sumatra and central and eastern Java, both to Indonesia, where it may represent either introduced or natural, relictual populations (Ken Aplin pers. comm.). It is found from sea level to roughly around 2,000 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
Habitat and Ecology
In South Asia, it is a nocturnal, fossorial and sometimes terrestrial species. It occurs in all types of habitats except deserts. It is often found in fields and tall grassland habitat close to rivers. It has been found to occupy irrigated and cultivated fields (Molur et al. 2005). In China, it occurs in secondary growth, grass, brush, rice fields and other agricultural areas (Smith and Xie 2008). In Southeast Asia, this species is found in open areas in deciduous dipterocarp forest, grasslands and paddyfields (Marshall 1977). This species is often sympatric with Mus caroli (Marshall 1977).
Life History and Behavior
Lifespan, longevity, and ageing
Observations: Little is known about the longevity of these animals, but one specimen lived 3.2 years in captivity (Richard Weigl 2005).
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Aplin, K., Lunde, D., Frost, A. & Molur, S.
Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, it occurs in a number of protected areas, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. It is unlikely that any of the species in this complex are threatened.
- 1996Lower Risk/least concern
It is a common species, and can be locally very abundant.
There appear to be no major threats to this species.
It is presumably present in many protected areas (eg. Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary, West Bengal in India). No direct conservation measures are currently needed for this widespread and adaptable species. It is listed in the Schedule V (considered as vermin) of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Further studies are needed to clarify the taxonomic status of populations currently allocated to this species.
- Baillie, J. 1996. Mus cervicolor. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 9 July 2007.
- Musser, G. G.; Carleton, M. D. (2005). "Superfamily Muroidea". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 894–1531. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=13001547.
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