Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to South Asia, where it is distributed in Bangladesh (Sathira), India (Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and West Bengal) and Sri Lanka (Southern and Eastern Province) (Molur et al. 2005).
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Global Distribution

Endemic to South Asia

Western Ghats Distribution

INDIA Goa: Location Unknown Karnataka: Uttar Kanara Kerala:Ernakulam, Cochin; Kannur: Aralam WS; Thiruvananthapuram; Thrissur: Peechi-Vazhani WS Maharashtra: Khandala, Satara Tamil Nadu: Dindugal and Palani Hills, Nilgiris, Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary

Known Presence in Protected Areas

India Kerala: Aralam WS, Parambikulam WS, Peechi-Vazhani WS Tamil Nadu: Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Karnataka: Nagrhole National Park, Karnataka, India

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It is a nocturnal, terrestrial, sometimes fossorial species occuring in tropical and subtropical dry deciduous and scrub
forests, moist deciduous and evergreen forests, where it is seen in rocky areas, caves, crevices, tree hollows and subterrenean habitats (Molur et al. 2005).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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General Habitat

"
Habitat

Tropical and subtropical dry deciduous and scrub forests, moist deciduous and evergreen forests

Niche

Rocky areas, caves, crevices, tree hollows and subterrenean habitats

Habitat Status

Unknown

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Behaviour

"Nocturnal, terrestrial, sometimes fossorial"
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Molur, S. & Nameer, P.O.

Reviewer/s
Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
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LEAST CONCERN
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Population

Population
It was a commonly trapped rodent in the evergreen forests and fragments of Anamalais in the southern Western Ghats (Chadrasekar-Rao and Sunquist 1996; Shankar 1998), while it was not trapped even once in evergreen forests, fragments and plantations of Coorg, northern Western Ghats (S. Molur pers. comm.).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Threats are not known for this species or the habitat where it occurs.
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Threats not known for this species or the habitat where it occurs
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Legislation

"India Schedule V of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 amended up to 2002."
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Protection Legal Status

Not listed
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
In India it is listed in the Schedule V (considered as vermin) of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
In India it is known from Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary, Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala; Pench National Park in Maharashtra; Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu; Chandaka-Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary in Orissa. In Sri Lanka it is present in Gal Oya National Park in Eastern Province; Kumana Wildlife Sanctuary in Northeastern Province and Yala National Park in Southern Province (Molur et al. 2005).
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Uses

Not in trade
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Wikipedia

Blanford's rat

Blanford's rat (Madromys blanfordi) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is the only species in the genus Madromys. Known as වලිග සුදු වන මීයා (meaning white-tailed wood rat) in Sinhala language. It is found in India and Sri Lanka.

Description[edit]

Head and body 14-15cm; tail is 19cm. Dorsum grayish brown, darker on back and lighter on the sides. White underparts. Feet are white in adults, brownish white in young. two thirds of the tail is brown from the base then covered with long dense white furs.

References[edit]


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