The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • "Mole" (On-line). Young People's Trust for the Environment. Accessed March 22, 2006 at http://www.yptenc.org.uk/docs/factsheets/animal_facts/mole.html.
  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (July 2002) http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/ External link.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. The Mammal Society. Mammal Factsheets (July 2002) http://www.abdn.ac.ukmammal/mole.shtmlhttp://www.abdn.ac.ukmammal/mole.shtml External link.
  • 2006. "ARKive: Images of Life on Earth- Mole (Talpa europaea)" (On-line). Accessed March 24, 2006 at http://www.arkive.org/species/ARK/mammals/Talpa_europaea/.
  • 2006. "The Mammal Society" (On-line). Fact sheet: the Mole Talpa europaea . Accessed April 18, 2006 at http://www.abdn.ac.uk/mammal/mole.shtml.
  • 3. Macdonald, D.W., and Tattershall, F.T. (2001) Britain's mammals- the challenge for conservation. The Wildlife Conservation research unit, Oxford University http://www.wildcru.orghttp://www.wildcru.org External link.
  • 4. Macdonald, D.W. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Beolchini, F., A. Loy. 2004. Diet of syntopic moles Talpa romana and Talpa europaea in central Italy. Mammalian Biology, 69/2: 140-144.
  • C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Tomus I. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae (Stockholm)
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Castien, E., and J. Gosalbez. 1999. Habitat and food preferences in a guild of insectivorous mammals in the Western Pyrenees. Acta Theriologica 44:1-13.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Fielden, L. J. 1991. Home range and movements of the Namib Desert golden mole, Eremitalpa namibensis (Chrysochloridae). Journal of Zoology 223:675-686.
  • Fitzgibbon, C. D. 1997. The adaptive significance of monogamy in the golden-rumped elephant-shrew. Journal of Zoology 242:167-177.
  • Funmilayo, O. 1979. Food Consumption Preferences and Storage in the Mole Talpa europaea. Acta Theriologica 24:379-390.
  • Godfrey, G. K. 1957. Aggressive behaviour in the mole (Talpa europaea L.). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 128:602-604.
  • Gonzalez Esteban, J., I. Villate, E. Castien, I. Rey, and J. Gosalbez. 2002. Age determination of Galemys pyrenaicus. Acta Theriologica 47:107-112.
  • Gorman, M., D. Stone. 1990. The Natural History of Moles. Ithaca, New York: Comstock Publishing Associates.
  • Goszczynski, J. 1983. Digging activity and estimation of the population density of moles. Acta Theriologica 28:328-332.
  • Haeck, J. 1969. Colonization of the Mole (Talpa europaea L.) in the Ijsselmeerpolders. Netherlands: Netherlands Journal of Zoology.
  • Hartman, G. D. 1995. Age determination, age structure, and longevity in the mole, Scalopus aquaticus (Mammalia: Insectivora). Journal of Zoology 237:107-122.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Hickman, G. C. 1984. Swimming Ability of Talpid Moles, with Particular Reference to the Semi-Aquatic Condylura cristata. Mammalia 48:505-513.
  • Ishii, N. 1993. Size and distribution of home ranges of the Japanese shrew-mole Urotrichus talpoides. Journal of the Mammalogical Society of Japan 18:87-98.
  • Jenkins, I. 2002. "Digimorph- An NSF Digital Library at UT Austin" (On-line). Talpa europaea (European mole). Accessed March 24, 2006 at http://www.digimorph.org/specimens/Talpa_europaea/.
  • Kelt, D. A., and D. H. Van Vuren. 2001. The Ecology and Macroecology of Mammalian Home Range Area. American Naturalist 157:637-645.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • MacDonald, D. W., R. P. D. Atkinson, and G. Blanchard. 1997. Spatial and temporal patterns in the activity of European moles. Oecologia 109:88-97.
  • Macdonald, D. 1984. The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York, NY: Facts on File, Inc..
  • Mellanby, K. 1971. The Mole. Great Britain: William Collins Sons & Co Ltd.
  • Morris, B. 1961. Some observations on the breeding season of the hedgehog and the rearing and handling of the young. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 136:201-206.
  • Muriaru, D. 1985. Comparative anatomy of the mammary glands of some European and north American insectivores. Acta Zoologica Fennica 173:243-245.
  • Nevo, E. 1999. Mosaic evolution of subterranean mammals: regression, progression and global convergence. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Promislow, D. E. L., and P. H. Harvey. 1990. Living Fast and Dying Young - a Comparative-Analysis of Life- History Variation among Mammals. Journal of Zoology 220:417-437.
  • Sibly, R. M., D. Collett, D. E. L. Promislow, D. J. Peacock, and P. H. Harvey. 1997. Mortality rates of mammals. Journal of Zoology 243:1-12.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Stone, D. R., and M. L. Gorman. 1985. Social organisation of the European mole (Talpa europaea) and the Pyrenean desman (Galemys pyrenaicus). Mammal Review 15:35-42.
  • Stone, R. D., and M. L. Gorman. 1985. Social organization of the European mole (Talpa europea) and the Pyrenean desman (Galemys pyrenaicus). Mammal Review 15:35-42.
  • Symonds (1999) Life histories of the Insectivora: the role of phylogeny, metabolism, and sex differences. J Zool, 249:315-337.
  • Symonds, M. R. E. 1999. Life histories of the Insectivora: the role of phylogeny, metabolism and sex differences. Journal of Zoology 249:315-337.
  • Talpa europaea L.1758
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204

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