Surdisorex polulus is a Vulnerable species of Mole Shrews that occurs only in the East African montane moorlands, an ecoregion with acidic soils occurring above 3000 metres in elevation in equatorial Africa. The climate is harsh, with frost occurring nightly and hot, high solar intensity daytime temperatures.
There are a number of endemic species to the montane moorlands that are associates of S. polulus.There are a number of endemic small mammals to the East African montane moorlands. One endemic mammal to the ecoregion is the Mount Kenya Mole Shrew (Surdisorex polulus), which is found only at the higher elevations of Mount Kenya; moreover, this rodent is classified as a Vulnerable species. Another endemic mammal is the Aberdare Mole Shrew (Surdisorex norae), which is known only to the higher elevations of the Aberdare Mountain Range in Kenya. The King Mole Rat (Tachyoryctes rex) is another endemic rodent that is known only to the higher elevations of Mount Kenya within the ecoregion. The Vulnerable East African Highland Shrew (Crocidura allex) is a near endemic to the ecoregion, that is also found in upper elevation portions of the adjacent East African montane forests ecoregion. Another imputed endemic mammal is Peter's Musk Shrew (Crocidura gracilipes) - See more at: http://www.eoearth.org/article/East_African_montane_moorlands?topic=49597#sthash.shCQvtJr.dpuf
Catalog Number: USNM 163992
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Mammals
Sex/Stage: Male; Adult
Preparation: Skin; Skull
Collector(s): J. Loring
Year Collected: 1909
Locality: Mount Kenia [= Kenya], W side, Kenya, Africa
Elevation (m): 3261
- Type: Hollister, N. 1916 Feb 10. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 66 (1): 1.
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 2004Vulnerable (VU)
- 1996Vulnerable (VU)
Mount Kenya mole shrew
The Mt. Kenya mole shrew is listed as vulnerable because it is known to only be found in a single location in highlands of Mount Kenya. The habitat of the species is dense montane grassland.
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