Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to South Africa. Recorded only from the type locality at Port Nolloth, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Coastal dunes and adjacent sandy areas in Strandveld of the Namaqualand coastal plain (Nama-Karoo biome).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
CR
Critically Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Bronner, G.

Reviewer/s
Rathbun, G. (Afrotheria Red List Authority) & Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
Known from only a single locality, and not recorded for more than 50 years. The existing evidence is that it is a valid species, and occurs in an area of high threat, so is listed as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct).

History
  • 2006
    Critically Endangered
    (IUCN 2006)
  • 2006
    Critically Endangered
  • 1996
    Vulnerable
  • 1994
    Indeterminate
    (Groombridge 1994)
  • 1990
    Indeterminate
    (IUCN 1990)
  • 1988
    Insufficiently Known
    (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
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Population

Population
Extremely rare; known from only three specimens and not captured for over 50 years despite survey work.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Habitat alteration as a result of mining of coastal sands for alluvial diamonds in the Port Nolloth district may pose a threat to this species (Smithers 1986).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Not recorded from any protected areas. Fieldwork to survey for populations and assess the extent of anthropogenic threats is urgently needed. Research to clarify systematic status, and determine distribution limits and basic ecology is also a priority.
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Wikipedia

De Winton's golden mole

De Winton's golden mole (Cryptochloris wintoni) is a species of mammal in the Chrysochloridae family. It is endemic to South Africa. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, and sandy shores. It is threatened by habitat loss.[2]

References

  1. ^ Bronner, G. N.; Jenkins, P. D. (2005). "Order Afrosoricida". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 79. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3.
  2. ^ a b Bronner, G. (2008). Cryptochloris wintoni. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 29 December 2008.
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