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Range DescriptionVireo atricapilla once bred from Kansas through Oklahoma to south-west Texas, USA, into central Coahuila and southern Nuevo Leon, Mexico, wintering along the Pacific coast of western Mexico from southern Sonora (RÃo Yaqui, Alvaro ObregÃ³n Dam) to Oaxaca (Salina Cruz on the Pacific coast and Matias Romero, and inland) (Grzybowski 1995, Howell and Webb 1995, S. N. G. Howell in litt. 1998, Rivera et al. 2011). The species's distribution in Texas was assessed on private and public land in 57 counties across the state and found 13% of 10,700 point survey locations were occupied (McFarland et al. 2012). The species was found to be more common in the western part of the state (McFarland et al. 2012). In Oklahoma it is now restricted to a few sites in the Witchita Mountains where breeding habitat is fragmented (Grzybowski 1995). The total wintering area has been calculated to be 141,000 km2 (Rivera et al. 2011).