Data about <i>Rynchops niger</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Rynchops niger</i>
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
latitude min
Additional detail -25.5 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 44.85 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
longitude min
Additional detail -119 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail -47.4 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Rynchops niger</i>
body length (VT) min
Additional detail 40 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 46 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 50 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
body mass
Additional detail 297.85 g Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
min Additional detail 265 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 315 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 365 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
wingspan average
Additional detail 1.12 m Birds Animal Diversity Web  
dimorphism
Additional detail male larger Birds Animal Diversity Web  
weight
Additional detail 315 g adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Rynchops niger</i>
habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquatic habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bar
  • bar
    A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. Bars tend to be long and narrow (linear) and develop where a current (or waves) promote deposition of granular material, resulting in localized shallowing (shoaling) of the water. Bars can appear in the sea, in a lake, or in a river. They are typically composed of sand, although could be of any granular matter that the moving water has access to and is capable of shifting around (for example, soil, silt, gravel, cobble, shingle, or even boulders). The grain size of the material comprising a bar is related: to the size of the waves or the strength of the currents moving the material, but the availability of material to be worked by waves and currents is also important.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000167
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bar
  • bar
    A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. Bars tend to be long and narrow (linear) and develop where a current (or waves) promote deposition of granular material, resulting in localized shallowing (shoaling) of the water. Bars can appear in the sea, in a lake, or in a river. They are typically composed of sand, although could be of any granular matter that the moving water has access to and is capable of shifting around (for example, soil, silt, gravel, cobble, shingle, or even boulders). The grain size of the material comprising a bar is related: to the size of the waves or the strength of the currents moving the material, but the availability of material to be worked by waves and currents is also important.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000167
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail beach
  • beach
    A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail brackish water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert
  • desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail drainage basin
  • drainage basin
    A regions or area bounded by drainage divides and occupied by a drainage system; specifically the tract of country that gathers water originating as precipitation and contributes it to a particular stream channel or system of channels, or to a lake, reservoir, or other body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000291
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail dune Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuarine biome
  • estuarine biome
    Expressions of the estuarine biome occur at wide lower courses of a rivers where they flow into a sea. Estuaries experience tidal flows and their water is a changing mixture of fresh and salt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuary
  • estuary
    A semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000045
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lagoon
  • lagoon
    A sheet of saline water separated from the open sea by sand or shingle banks. The sheet of water between an offshore reef, especially of coral and mainland. The sheet of water within a ring or horseshoe shaped atoll.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000038
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine biome
  • marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mudflat
  • mudflat
    A wetland that forms when mud is deposited by the tides, rivers, sea or oceans.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000192
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • river
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river bank
  • river bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline marsh
  • saline marsh
    A marsh whose water contains a considerable quantity of dissolved salts.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000054
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sandy beach Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail subtropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
foraging habitat
Additional detail freshwater and marine habitat
  • freshwater and marine habitat
    Freshwater and marine habitat.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterAndMarine
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
primary diet
Additional detail preys upon or scavenges vertebrates adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
interacts with
Additional detail Black-crowned Night-heron GloBI  
Additional detail Boat-tailed Grackle GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Rat GloBI  
Additional detail Common Grackle GloBI  
Additional detail Cortinarius purpureus GloBI  
Additional detail Cyathocotylidae GloBI  
Additional detail Dog GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Gray Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Euhaplorchis californiensis GloBI  
Additional detail Fish Crow GloBI  
Additional detail Flukes GloBI  
Additional detail Flukes GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Gyrodactylus GloBI  
Additional detail Hemiuridae GloBI  
Additional detail Least Tern GloBI  
Additional detail Lepocreadiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Long-tailed Weasel GloBI  
Additional detail Mesostephanus appendiculatus GloBI  
Additional detail Microcotyle GloBI  
Additional detail Mink GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Harrier GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Parvitaenia GloBI  
Additional detail Pavement Ant GloBI  
Additional detail Peregrine Falcon GloBI  
Additional detail Phocitremoides ovale GloBI  
Additional detail Pygidiopsoides spindalis GloBI  
Additional detail Red Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Renicola buchanani GloBI  
Additional detail Renicola cerithidicola GloBI  
Additional detail Ruddy Turnstone GloBI  
Additional detail Short-eared Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Spiny-headed Worms GloBI  
Additional detail Spirocamallanus GloBI  
Additional detail Stictodora hancocki GloBI  
Additional detail Striped Skunk GloBI  
Additional detail Tapeworms GloBI  
Additional detail Tetramorium GloBI  
Additional detail Tetraphyllidea GloBI  
Additional detail Trichodina GloBI  
Additional detail Trypanorhyncha GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  
  • hosts
    provides some resource to a symbiont, either commensal, parasitic or mutualistic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hosts
hosts
Additional detail Glossocercus GloBI  
Additional detail Spiny-headed Worms GloBI  
  • preys upon
    consumes for energetic or other nutritional needs (object of consumption is an organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/preysUpon
preys upon
Additional detail Arrow Goby GloBI  
Additional detail California Killifish GloBI  
Additional detail Cheekspot Goby GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Anchovy GloBI  
Additional detail Opaleye GloBI  
Additional detail Shadow Goby GloBI  
Additional detail Topsmelt Silverside GloBI  
  • has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
has parasite
Additional detail Glossocercus GloBI  
Additional detail Spiny-headed Worms GloBI  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
interacts with
Additional detail Black Skimmer GloBI  
Additional detail Black Skimmer GloBI  
Additional detail Plasmodium GloBI  
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 0.74 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 1.35 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water temperature min
Additional detail 25.14 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 25.29 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 1.72 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 2.89 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.2 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 0.26 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 4.7 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 4.8 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water O2 saturation min
Additional detail 100.51 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 101.67 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
  • has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
has predator
Additional detail Black Saltmarsh Mosquito GloBI  
Additional detail House Mosquito GloBI  
water salinity min
Additional detail 34.06 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 35.25 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Rynchops niger</i>
nest type
Additional detail open cup Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
developmental mode
Additional detail semiprecocial
  • semiprecocial
    Parent(s) provide food but not thermoregulation (e.g., gulls and terns).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/semiprecocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
parental care
Additional detail pair provides care
  • pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 4 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
log10 productivity
Additional detail -0.511 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
litters per year
Additional detail 1 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
total life span max
Additional detail 20.2 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
onset of fertility
Additional detail 2.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 2.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
growth rate
Additional detail 0.23 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
prenatal development duration
Additional detail 23 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
migratory status
Additional detail migratory
  • migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Conservation

Data about <i>Rynchops niger</i>
population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
Additional detail extant Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

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