The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 2005. website, AOU Check-List (07-2005)
  • 2011. Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.04.02
  • 2011. IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9
  • Adriaens, P. (2015). Larus cachinnans. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137140
  • B., Bruun., & S. Baha El Din.   (1985).  Common Birds of Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo..  
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • BirdLife International 2014. Larus cachinnans
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Moller (2006) Sociality, age at first reproduction and senescence: comparative analyses of birds. J Evol Biol, 19:682-689.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Pallas, P.S. (1811-1814) Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones, anatomen atque icones plurimorum. 3 vols . Petropoli. Vol. 3 (1814): i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV) + Pls.
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms

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