The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (February, 2009) http://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10. Erritzoe, J. (1993) The Birds of CITES and How to Identify Them. The Lutterworth Press, Cambridge.
  • 11. BirdLife International (February, 2009) External link.
  • 12. Carro, M.E. and Fernández, G.J. (2008) Seasonal variation in social organisation and diurnal activity budget of the greater rhea (Rhea americana) in the Argentinean pampas. Emu, 108: 167 - 173.
  • 13. Fernández, G.J. and Reboreda, J.C. (1998) Effects of clutch size and timing of breeding on reproductive success of greater rheas. Auk, 115 (2): 340 - 348.
  • 14. Fernández, G.J. and Reboreda, J.C. (2003) Male parental care in greater rheas (Rhea americana) in Argentina. Auk, 120 (2): 418 - 428.
  • 15. Giordano, P.F., Bellis, L.M., Navarro, J.L. and Martella, M.B. (2008) Abundance and spatial distribution of greater rhea Rhea americana in two sites on the pampas grasslands with different land use. Bird Conservation International, 18: 63 - 70.
  • 16. Comparatore, V. and Yagueddu, C. (2007) Diet of the greater rhea (Rhea americana) in an agroecosystem of the Flooding Pampa, Argentina. Ornitologia Neotropical, 18 (2): 187 - 194.
  • 17. Navarro, J.L. and Martella, M.B. (2008) The relevance of captive breeding to conservation of native ratites in Argentina: an overview. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 48 (10): 1302 - 1307.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2. del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (1992) Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • 2005. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2005.11.25
  • 2005. website, 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 14-Dec-2005
  • 2005. website, CITES Appendices, 23-Jun-2005
  • 3. Blake, E.R. (1977) Manual of Neotropical Birds. Volume I: Spheniscidae (Penguins) to Laridae (Gulls and Allies). University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • 4. CITES (February, 2009) http://www.cites.org External link.
  • 5. Martella, M.B. and Navarro, J.L. (2006) Proyecto Ñandú : Manejo de Rhea americana y R pennata en la Argentina. In: Bolkovic, M.L. and Ramadori, D. Eds. Manejo de Fauna Silvestre en la Argentina. Programas de Uso Sustentable. Dirección de Fauna Silvestre, Secretaría de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • 6. Burton, M. and Burton, R. (2002) International Wildlife Encyclopedia. Third Edition. Marshall Cavendish, New York.
  • 7. Mares, M.A. (1999) Encyclopedia of Deserts. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.
  • 8. Darwin, C. (1846) Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited During the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle Round the World under the Command of Capt. FitzRoy, R.N. Harper and Brothers, Publishers, New York.
  • 9. Roots, C. (2006) Flightless Birds. Greenwood Publishing Group, Conneticut.
  • BirdLife International 2012. Rhea americana
  • Dickinson, Edward C., ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World, 3rd edition
  • Dickinson, Edward C., ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World, 3rd edition. 1039
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Grzimek, Dr. Dr. h.c. Bernard, ed. 1972. Grzimek's animal Life Encyclopedia, Vol 7, Birds. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York. pg. 89-91.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Perrins, Dr. Christopher M. & Dr. Alex L.A. Middleton, eds. 1985. The Encyclopedia of Birds. Facts on File Publications, New York. pgs. 21-24.
  • del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott & J. Sargatal, eds. 1992. Handbook Of The Birds Of The World, Vol 1. Lynx Ediciones, Barcelona. pg. 89.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!