Overview

Distribution

Range

Tropical e Ecuador and e Peru to n Brazil and Guyana.

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Source: IUCN

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'rare' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Wikipedia

Rufous potoo

The rufous potoo (Nyctibius bracteatus)[2] is a species of bird in the Nyctibiidae family. Its common name refers to its rufous, or reddish-brown color. Their species name bracteatus is Latin for "gold-leaf".

Description[edit]

The rufous potoo is the smallest member of its genus, and extremely well-camouflaged, being almost invisible among dead leaves, trees and other plants. Its body is, like the common name implies, rufous with white spots on the underbody. To improve their camouflage even further, they will rock back and forth while roosting to even closer resemble a dead leaf. They sing almost exclusively on full moons.[3]

Reproduction[edit]

This species has a unique nesting habit. They make their nest upon a broken, vertical branch and produce one egg with unerring aim into their nest. Their dead-leaf like movements make this effective camouflage for predators that would prey upon their offspring.[4]

Distribution[edit]

It is found in Ecuador, (the northeast, about 25% of the country), and Peru in the largest population, and the other large disjunct population 1600 km southwest at the Peru and Bolivia border, (about 1/30th of Peru). Other far smaller locales, occur in Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, and Guyana. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.[3] Until around the 1980s, very few people had managed to see one alive, however they are currently regarded as a least concern by the IUCN due to their large range, however the population has experienced an ongoing decrease.[1][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Nyctibius bracteatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Rufous Potoo (Nyctibius bracteatus) Gould, 1846". Avibase. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Kirwan, Guy M. "Nyctibius bracteatus". Cornell Lab of Ornithrology. Cornell. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Whitney, Bret. "Bird Buzz: Rufous Potoo". Field Guides. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  5. ^ Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996.Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
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