Overview

Comprehensive Description

Colourization Adult: C.p. papou: both adults in general red; dark green mantle and wings; pale blue streaked in front of black patch on rump; thin black band across hindneck; blue patch on rump and upper tail coverts; lower flanks and sides of breast have yellow patches; black thighs and abdominal band with purple shine; red underwing coverts; green tail tipped with yellow. Bill orange/red. Eye yellow/orange. C.p. stellae: (has melanistic phase, where red is replaced with black) male-black patch reaching from occiput to hindneck and streaked in front with purple/blue; black lower flanks, yellow absent; yellow on sides of breast absent; centre tail feathers elongated and widely tipped with yellow/orange. Female-as in male but lower back and sides of rump yellow. C.p. goliathina: (has melanistic phase) both adults as in stellae, but with long central tail feathers widely tipped with yellow. C.p. wahnesi: (has melanistic phase) both adults as in stellae, but with broad yellow band across upper abdomen. Colourization Juvenile: C.p. papou: in general duller than adults; with black margins on feathers of neck and breast; duller blue patch on rump less extensive; yellow underwing band in varying proportions; central tail feathers considerably shorter. Bill brown/orange tipper with black. Eye dark brown. C.p. stellae: in general duller than adults; with black margins on feathers of neck and breast; yellow underwing band in varying proportions; elongated tips to central tail feathers absent. C.p. goliathina: as in adults. C.p. wahnesi: as in adults. Call: Are described as distinctive; in flight are loud and slurred in upward inflection; also quieter, mellower screech. When feeding or at rest emits a nasal, long note increasing in volume.

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Source: Birds of Papua New Guinea

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Distribution

Subspecies and Distribution:


    * papou (Scopoli, 1786) - Vogelkop (W New Guinea). * goliathina Rothschild & Hartert, 1911 - Weyland Mts (Irian Jaya) E to Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. * wahnesi Rothschild, 1906 - Huon Peninsula. * stellae A. B. Meyer, 1886 - Herzog Mts to Owen Stanley Range.


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Physical Description

Size

25 cm, 90-115 g

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Diagnostic Description

Colourization Adult: C.p. papou: both adults in general red; dark green mantle and wings; pale blue streaked in front of black patch on rump; thin black band across hindneck; blue patch on rump and upper tail coverts; lower flanks and sides of breast have yellow patches; black thighs and abdominal band with purple shine; red underwing coverts; green tail tipped with yellow. Bill orange/red. Eye yellow/orange. C.p. stellae: (has melanistic phase, where red is replaced with black) male-black patch reaching from occiput to hindneck and streaked in front with purple/blue; black lower flanks, yellow absent; yellow on sides of breast absent; centre tail feathers elongated and widely tipped with yellow/orange. Female-as in male but lower back and sides of rump yellow. C.p. goliathina: (has melanistic phase) both adults as in stellae, but with long central tail feathers widely tipped with yellow. C.p. wahnesi: (has melanistic phase) both adults as in stellae, but with broad yellow band across upper abdomen. Colourization Juvenile: C.p. papou: in general duller than adults; with black margins on feathers of neck and breast; duller blue patch on rump less extensive; yellow underwing band in varying proportions; central tail feathers considerably shorter. Bill brown/orange tipper with black. Eye dark brown. C.p. stellae: in general duller than adults; with black margins on feathers of neck and breast; yellow underwing band in varying proportions; elongated tips to central tail feathers absent. C.p. goliathina: as in adults. C.p. wahnesi: as in adults. Call: Are described as distinctive; in flight are loud and slurred in upward inflection; also quieter, mellower screech. When feeding or at rest emits a nasal, long note increasing in volume.

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Source: Birds of Papua New Guinea

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Found up to 3500m in Nothofagus-Podocarpus forest.

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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on nectar, pollen, possibly flowers, flower buds, fruits and small seeds.

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

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Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Maximum longevity: 11.3 years (captivity) Observations: One specimen lived for 11.3 years in captivity (Brouwer et al. 2000).
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Reproduction

Possibly August, with young birds seen in October and November.2 eggs, 24.5 x 22.5mm. Usually seen in pairs or groups. Very active and agile. Moves through trees with jerky movements flicking their long tails.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Charmosyna papou

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Charmosyna papou

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2014

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S.

Contributor/s

Justification
Although this species may have a small range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
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Not Threatened.

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Population

Population
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be fairly common throughout its range (del Hoyo et al. 1997).

Population Trend
Stable
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Wikipedia

Papuan lorikeet

Papuan Lorikeet.jpg

The Papuan lorikeet, also known as Stella's lorikeet and Mount-Goliath lorikeet (Charmosyna papou) is a species of parrot in the Psittaculidae family. It is found in West Papua, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Stella's lorikeet C. p. goliathina in melanistic phase at Louisville Zoo, USA

References[edit]


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