Overview

Comprehensive Description

Colourization Adult: Male- mainly bright red in colour; purple/black hindcrown to occiput; olive/green rump and upper tail coverts; wide yellow band across chest; thin yellow collar on mantle bordered above by purple/black line; dull mauve/black lower breast; underwing band dull yellow; red tail tipped with yellow. Bill orange. Eye yellow/orange. Female- as in male but with yellow patches on sides of rump. Colourization Juvenile: Breast band yellow and faint; yellow collar on mantle with dusky wash; red hindcrown to occiput washed with dusky black; black markings on feathers of head and underparts. Bill brown/black. Eye pale grey. Call: Calls made in flight are loud and high-pitched; high-pitched screek notes emitted while feeding. Calls are in general more squeaky than other lorikeets.

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Source: Birds of Papua New Guinea

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Distribution

Range Description

Charmosyna margarethae is endemic to Bougainville in Papua New Guinea and six islands in the Solomon Islands. It is a scarce and localised species which appears to be absent from large areas of potentially suitable habitat (Webb 1992, Buckingham et al. 1995, G. Dutson pers. obs. 1997-1998). It is most common on Makira (= San Cristobal) where up to 70 have been seen in a day, perhaps owing to the absence of Meek's Lorikeet C. meeki from this island (Cain and Galbraith 1956, Buckingham et al. 1995, G. Dutson pers. obs. 1997-1998, G. Richards in litt. 1999). The overall population is believed to be small.

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Range

Montane forests of Solomon Islands (including Bougainville).

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Distribution:


    Solomon Is, including Bougainville.


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Physical Description

Size

20 cm, 40-60 g.

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Diagnostic Description

Colourization Adult: Male- mainly bright red in colour; purple/black hindcrown to occiput; olive/green rump and upper tail coverts; wide yellow band across chest; thin yellow collar on mantle bordered above by purple/black line; dull mauve/black lower breast; underwing band dull yellow; red tail tipped with yellow. Bill orange. Eye yellow/orange. Female- as in male but with yellow patches on sides of rump. Colourization Juvenile: Breast band yellow and faint; yellow collar on mantle with dusky wash; red hindcrown to occiput washed with dusky black; black markings on feathers of head and underparts. Bill brown/black. Eye pale grey. Call: Calls made in flight are loud and high-pitched; high-pitched screek notes emitted while feeding. Calls are in general more squeaky than other lorikeets.

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It is usually found in lower montane forest, it occurs from sea-level to 1,350 m and in coconut plantations (Cain and Galbraith 1956, Diamond 1975b, Schodde 1977, Buckingham et al. 1995, G. Dutson pers. obs. 1997-1998). It may be nomadic and reliant on a combination of habitats at different altitudes. It feeds on pollen, nectar and some small fruits such as Schefflera.


Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on nectar and pollen.

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s
Dutson, G., Leary, T., Richards, G. & van Oosten, J.

Justification
This beautiful species has a moderately small range in which it is locally quite common, however it may decline moderately rapidly in the future if trade levels are allowed to increase. It therefore qualifies as Near Threatened.

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Near-threatened

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Population

Population
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as widespread and common, although uncommon on Santa Isabel island in the Solomon Islands (del Hoyo et al. 1997).

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Much of the lowland forest in its range has been or is scheduled to be logged, but this species is probably safe at higher altitudes. There is one licensed export quota for 60 birds, the proceeds to be used to fund conservation programmes (J. R. van Oosten in litt. 1999);however, this species could be threatened by any large-scale trade (T. Leary in litt. 2000). In 2002, 200 birds were imported to Singapore with CITES permits (UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database, January 2005).

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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor populations on all the islands where the species occurs. Ensure the protection of significant areas of forest to provide suitable trees for nesting. Continue to control trade.

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Wikipedia

Duchess Lorikeet

The Duchess Lorikeet (Charmosyna margarethae), also known as Lori De Margaret, Lori De Marguerite or Lori De Margarita, is a species of parrot in the Psittaculidae family. It is found in Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and plantations. It is threatened by habitat loss.

References[edit]


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